1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthosachne Steud.
      1. Anthosachne scabra (R.Br.) Nevski

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms erect; 25-120 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth, or antrorsely scabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 10-40 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 15-25 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 2-12 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; distant. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-20 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 25-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-20 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 25-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 8-10 mm long; 0.66-0.8 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 12 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 12 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; keeled above; 5 -veined. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 30-40 mm long overall. Palea 0.9 length of lemma. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; elliptic; membranous. Anthers 3; 2.5 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Tothill 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    New Zealand North, New Zealand South

    Anthosachne scabra (R.Br.) Nevski appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Webb [s.n.], Australia Elymus scaber K000674939
    Mueller, F. [s.n.], Victoria Elymus scaber K000674937
    Drummond, J. [384], Australia Elymus scaber K000674940
    Drummond, J. [383], Western Australia Elymus scaber K000674942
    Drummond, J. [382], Western Australia Elymus scaber K000674941
    Drummond, J. [384], Western Australia Elymus scaber K000674943
    illegible [s.n.], New Zealand Elymus scaber K001065437
    illegible [s.n.] Elymus scaber K001065439
    Brown, R. [6295], Australia Elymus scaber K000674936
    Stephenson, W. [116], New Zealand Elymus scaber K001065438 holotype
    s.coll. [95] Elymus scaber K000674938
    Zotov, V. D. [17090], New Zealand Elymus scaber K001065440 Unknown type material

    First published in Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 65 (1934)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Elymus scabrus.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0