1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora gurreh Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Ethiopia to NE. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Spiny shrub 1.5–3 m. tall, branching from the base, glabrous throughout except for minute sparse hairs at the edges of the bud scales and bracts; bark smooth, grey, not flaking; slash pale yellow; exudate colourless or pale yellow, ± odourless.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate, bright green and glossy; petiole 3–17 mm. long, so slender as to be almost filiform; leaflets circular or elliptic, subsessile, base cuneate (rarely attenuate), rounded or subcordate, apex rounded or truncate, deeply and irregularly crenate, bicrenate or serrate; terminal leaflet 5–15 × 5–14 mm.; laterals 3–11 × 3–9 mm.
    Flowers
    Flowers precocious, dark red, solitary, sessile or with pedicels up to 2 mm. long. Female:calyx 1.5 mm. including broadly triangular lobes 0.3 mm. long; petals 2.5 mm.; staminodes ± 0.5 mm. long; ovary and style 1.5 mm. Male:calyx 2 mm. long, including 0.5 mm. lobes; petals narrowly oblong or widened towards the tip, 3.5–4 mm. long; filaments 3 and 1.5 mm., anthers 1 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Male
    Male:calyx 2 mm. long, including 0.5 mm. lobes; petals narrowly oblong or widened towards the tip, 3.5–4 mm. long; filaments 3 and 1.5 mm., anthers 1 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Female
    Female:calyx 1.5 mm. including broadly triangular lobes 0.3 mm. long; petals 2.5 mm.; staminodes ± 0.5 mm. long; ovary and style 1.5 mm.
    Fruits
    Fruit on a 1–2 mm. stalk, ellipsoid, obovoid or subglobose, obtuse and apiculate, 6–9 × 5–7 × (2 + 3.5) mm.; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril with 4 linear arms, the facial arms ± 1/2, sutural arms 3/4 as long as the stone which is smooth or slightly lumpy, 4–7 × 4–5 × (0.5 + 3) mm.; sterile locule flat or slightly ridged; fertile locule rounded; apical pits rather small.
    Figures
    Fig. 6/16, 17, p.34.
    Habitat
    Acacia, Commiphora bushland on various soils; 750–850 m. (up to 1800 m. in Ethiopia, as low as 150 m. in Somalia); rainfall ± 350 mm.
    Distribution
    K1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia

    Commiphora gurreh Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gilbert, M.G. [7476], Ethiopia Commiphora tenuis K000199646 holotype

    First published in Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 7: 17 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0