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  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora mildbraedii Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Ethiopia to Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Unarmed tree up to 12 m. tall forking ± 2 m. from the base, crown rounded; trunk angled, never very straight; bark reddish brown, flaking off in rather large, thick, stiff, opaque pieces; slash smooth, pale pink, ± scentless.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–5(–7–9)-foliolate; petiole well developed, more than half as long as the terminal leaflet; rhachis often prolonged beyond the distal leaflet-pair; leaflets elliptic-oblong or broadly oblanceolate, pointed at the base, acute and somewhat acuminate apically, their margins usually entire, discolourous, paler beneath and rather olivaceous above, usually softly appressed pilose at first with hairs on the lower surface up to 0.6 mm. long, glabrescent later, ultimate vein-network forming a fine dark impressed reticulation on the lower surface, principal lateral veins ± 4 on each side, length 20–40(–50) mm., breadth 15–25 mm.; lateral leaflets usually 3/4–4/5 as large as the terminal.
    Buds
    Prophylls (bud-scales) brown or green, pubescent, oblong, caducous, ± 4 mm. long and 1 mm. wide, often rather noticeable.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, appearing with the young leaves. Female flowers 4–7 in pedunculate cymes; petals ± 2.5 mm. long; ovary sparsely pubescent, ± 2 mm.; style ± 0.7 mm. long. Male flowers 8–10 in subumbellate cymes, the peduncle short (2–3 mm.) or long (20–35 mm.), pedicels 2–7 mm.; bracts linear, pale brown, caducous, ± 4 × 0.3 mm.; inflorescence and calyx ± densely covered with soft erect hairs 0.2–0.4 mm. long; calyx ± 2 mm. including the narrowly triangular 1.4 mm. lobes; petals sparsely pubescent outside, narrowly elliptic-linear, ± 4.5 mm. long including the recurved tip, 0.8 mm. wide; filaments 3.5 and 2.7 mm.; anthers 0.7 and 0.4 mm. long.
    Male
    Male flowers 8–10 in subumbellate cymes, the peduncle short (2–3 mm.) or long (20–35 mm.), pedicels 2–7 mm.; bracts linear, pale brown, caducous, ± 4 × 0.3 mm.; inflorescence and calyx ± densely covered with soft erect hairs 0.2–0.4 mm. long; calyx ± 2 mm. including the narrowly triangular 1.4 mm. lobes; petals sparsely pubescent outside, narrowly elliptic-linear, ± 4.5 mm. long including the recurved tip, 0.8 mm. wide; filaments 3.5 and 2.7 mm.; anthers 0.7 and 0.4 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers 4–7 in pedunculate cymes; petals ± 2.5 mm. long; ovary sparsely pubescent, ± 2 mm.; style ± 0.7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit-stalk 10–45 mm. long, occasionally 2–3 fruits on a common peduncle; drupe glabrous or sparsely pubescent, asymmetrically ellipsoid, ± 13–14 × 8–11 × (3 + 5) mm.; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril with 4 linear arms, the sutural ± as long, the sterile facial 4/5 as long and the fertile facial 3/4 as long as the smooth black stone which measures ± 12 × 9 × (3 + 4.5) mm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Commiphora mildbraedii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 22, 1984 Scheffler, G. [136], Kenya K000425436 isotype
    Aug 22, 1984 Scheffler, G. [136], Kenya K000425437
    Mildbraed [5], Kenya K000425435

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 44: 145 (1910)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 3: 468 (1990).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 89 (1961).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 453, 469, fig. 1E–Eb (1912).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 44: 145 (1910)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0