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  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora mollis (Oliv.) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Small tree up to c. 8 m. tall; trunk often fluted; bark smooth, dark greenish or dark grey; young branches densely pubescent, sometimes spiny.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnate; petiole up to 5 cm. long, densely pubescent; leaflets 2–6-jugate, lamina up to 6 × 3 cm., elliptic or oblong-elliptic, apex acute or obtuse, margin entire, base rounded or broadly cuneate (terminal leaflet always cuneate), pubescent on both surfaces, sometimes distinctly paler and tomentose below; petiolules c. 0·5 mm., densely pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers appearing before the leaves or with the young leaves in clustered axillary dichasial cymes up to c. 2 cm. long; branches of inflorescence pubescent; pedicels slender, c. 2 mm. long; bracteoles caducous, c. 2 mm. long, subulate, brown, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 2·5 mm. long, campanulate, lobed at least half-way, densely pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 5 mm. long, pubescent at the back except towards the edges.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments slender, subterete.
    Disc
    Disk 4-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 1·1 × 0·9 cm., ellipsoid, densely pubescent; pseudaril with 4 arms; endocarp c. 9 × 8 mm., smooth, both faces deeply convex.
    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Small unarmed tree with a spreading crown and an ill-defined, often fluted trunk, up to 8 m. tall; bark grey; exudate not scented.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–13-foliolate, up to 13 cm. long; petiole well developed, longer than the terminal leaflet; leaflets entire, pubescent beneath and more sparsely so above, usually rather coriaceous when mature; lateral leaflets elliptic, rounded or acute at the base, rounded or acuminate apically, 10–50 mm. long, 8–20 mm. wide, the terminal leaflet rather larger, cuneate-obovate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence and flowers as in C. mildbraedii; fruit rather shorter, 9–12 × 9–10 × (3 + 4.5) mm., usually densely pubescent, occasionally subglabrous; arms of the pseudaril usually rather shorter.
    Figures
    Fig. 9/5.
    Habitat
    Woodland and thickets; 540–1500 m.; rainfall 400–900 mm.
    Distribution
    K6 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Commiphora mollis (Oliv.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 13, 2008 Crawford, F. [36], Namibia K000450356
    Jun 16, 1970 Dinter [1733], Namibia K000425462
    Jun 16, 1970 Gürich [21], Namibia K000425461 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1959 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000425438
    Apr 23, 1949 Stolz, A. [1678], Tanzania K000425427 Unknown type material
    Apr 23, 1949 Stolz, A. [1678], Tanzania K000425428
    Apr 23, 1949 Stuhlmann [3450], Tanzania K000425432
    Apr 23, 1949 Fischer [292], Tanzania K000425429 syntype
    Apr 23, 1949 Pole-Evans, I.B. [3221], Botswana K000511036
    Apr 23, 1949 Pole-Evans, I.B. [3202], Botswana K000511037
    Apr 23, 1949 Böhm [281], Tanzania K000425430 syntype
    Apr 22, 1949 unknown [4493], Angola K000425388 Unknown type material
    Apr 22, 1949 Trotha [8a], Tanzania K000425431
    Apr 22, 1949 Dekindt [225], Angola K000425389
    Apr 22, 1949 Dekindt [46], Angola K000425390
    Wild, H. [2299], Zimbabwe 21892.000
    Hansen, O.J. [3263], Botswana K000511038

    Bibliography

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 23 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Van der Walt in Flora of Southern Africa 18: 18 (1986).
    • Coates Palgrave, Trees S. Afr.: 366 (1977).
    • Van der Walt in Bothalia 11: 73, fig. 39–44 (1973).
    • Lisowski et al. in Bol. Soc. Brot, sér. 2, 46: 90 (1972).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 273, t. 511B (1963).
    • Troupin in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 134, fig. 2D (1958).
    • Brenan in KB. 5: 367 (1951), excl. syn. C. heterophylla.
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 81 (1949).
    • B.D. Burtt in KB. 1935: 108, 111 (1935).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 472 (1912).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 230 (1895)
    • Engl. in DC., Monogr. Phan.: 4123 (1883)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0