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  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora mombassensis Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Unarmed shrub or small tree 2–8 m. tall; branches thick, 4–5 mm. diameter, fluted, grey with small punctiform lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–7-foliolate, 12–19 cm. long, including a petiole of up to 7 cm.; leaflets oblong-elliptic, rounded or cordate at the base on a petiolule 2–4 mm. long, acuminate apically, densely or sparsely hispidulous, up to 7 cm. long and 3.5 cm. wide, the terminal rather larger than the laterals, margins markedly strongly serrate with ± 15 teeth on each side, 4–5 main lateral nerves, prominent beneath on each side.
    Flowers
    Flowers borne just before the leaves among ovate prophylls ± 4 mm. long.
    Male
    Male inflorescence a pedunculate, pubescent, branching cyme, the peduncle ± 7 cm., branches 20–25 mm., pedicels 6–10 mm. long; bracts linear, stiff, 2–3 mm. long; calyx densely pubescent, ± 3 mm. long, divided for 5/6 of its length into narrowly elliptic pointed lobes; petals densely velvety outside, linear-oblong, 4.5 mm. long, curved outwards towards the tip but the tip itself inflexed; filaments 3.5 and 1.8 mm.; anthers 0.7 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescence similar to the ♂ but shorter, the peduncle 2–3 cm. long; staminodes well developed and appearing possibly functional; ovary densely velvety, tapering to the stigma. Male inflorescence a pedunculate, pubescent, branching cyme, the peduncle ± 7 cm., branches 20–25 mm., pedicels 6–10 mm. long; bracts linear, stiff, 2–3 mm. long; calyx densely pubescent, ± 3 mm. long, divided for 5/6 of its length into narrowly elliptic pointed lobes; petals densely velvety outside, linear-oblong, 4.5 mm. long, curved outwards towards the tip but the tip itself inflexed; filaments 3.5 and 1.8 mm.; anthers 0.7 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Female
    Female inflorescence similar to the ♂ but shorter, the peduncle 2–3 cm. long; staminodes well developed and appearing possibly functional; ovary densely velvety, tapering to the stigma.
    Fruits
    Fruits single or 2 or 3 together on a common peduncle 2–3.5 cm. long, with the pedicel 10–15 mm. long, glabrescent, asymmetrically oblong-elliptic, 4-winged with well-marked wings on the sutures and narrower wings on the faces, ± 25–30 mm. long × 13 mm. × (4 + 5) mm. but almost half its length consisting of an extraordinary beak composed of pericarp only; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril 4-armed, sutural arms as long as fertile facial arm, 5/6 sterile facial arm, 4/5 as long as the stone which is almost smooth, the fertile locule strongly ridged, sterile locule gently convex, ± 13 × 7 × (3 + 5) mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 10/12–14, p. 59.
    Habitat
    Riverine thickets; ± 125 m.; rainfall ± 900 mm.
    Distribution
    T8

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Other Data

    Commiphora mombassensis Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 372 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 57 (1980).
    • Mendes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 44: 298, t. 3 (1970).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 90 (1961) excl. loc. ex Kenya.
    • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (1): 789, fig. 372P–Pa (1915).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 486, fig. 3P–Pa(1912)
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 26: 372 (1899)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0