1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora mossambicensis (Oliv.) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Caprivi Strip.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 10 m. tall; bark rather smooth, grey or reddish brown; slash aromatic, yielding a hard yellow gum; branchlets pubescent or less often glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves coriaceous, 3(–5–7–9)-foliolate, hispidulous, pubescent or glabrescent; petiole usually longer than the terminal leaflet, up to 11 cm. long; leaflets suborbicular, broadly ovate or broadly elliptic, usually entire, truncate rounded or broadly cuneate below and then narrowed to a conspicuously long petiolule, truncate, rounded or broadly acuminate at the apex, up to 6 and 8 cm. long and 6 cm. wide; petiolules of lateral leaflets up to 10 mm., that of the terminal leaflet up to 20 mm.
    Flowers
    Flowers appearing with the leaves, often while the rather persistent oblong prophylls, which may be up to 10 mm. long and 3 mm. wide, are still present.
    Male
    Male inflorescences hispid, loosely spicate with up to 12 compact clusters distributed along an axis, up to 9 cm. long above a peduncle up to 5 cm. long, the lowest clusters occasionally on stalks 11–14 mm. long; bracts linear or linear spathulate, 5–6 mm. long; calyx hispidulous, ± 1.4 mm. long including the acute triangular 0.8 mm. long teeth; petals elliptic-oblong, acute, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, 3 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide; filaments 1.2 and 0.7 mm., anthers 0.6 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences short and compact, 1–3 cm. long including a peduncle under 11 mm. long; petals ± 1.6 mm. long; ovary tapering to the capitate stigma without a distinct style. Male inflorescences hispid, loosely spicate with up to 12 compact clusters distributed along an axis, up to 9 cm. long above a peduncle up to 5 cm. long, the lowest clusters occasionally on stalks 11–14 mm. long; bracts linear or linear spathulate, 5–6 mm. long; calyx hispidulous, ± 1.4 mm. long including the acute triangular 0.8 mm. long teeth; petals elliptic-oblong, acute, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, 3 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide; filaments 1.2 and 0.7 mm., anthers 0.6 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Female
    Female inflorescences short and compact, 1–3 cm. long including a peduncle under 11 mm. long; petals ± 1.6 mm. long; ovary tapering to the capitate stigma without a distinct style.
    Fruits
    Fruits in dense clusters which, including the fruits themselves, are under 3 cm. long, globose or asymmetrically broadly ovoid, subglabrous or pubescent, ± 9 × 8 × (2 + 5) mm. when dry; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril with 4 wavy-margined arms, the sutural as long as the stone, the facial ± half as long; stone with a strongly and broadly ridged fertile locule and an almost flat sterile locule, thus triquetrous, the angles rather carunculate, ± 8 × 7.5 × (1.5 + 4) mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 10/1–5.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland, open woodland and thickets, often used in fences; 390–1600 m.; rainfall 500–800 mm.
    Distribution
    T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Small tree occasionally reaching 10 m. tall; bark smooth, grey; young branches densely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate or more rarely pinnate with the leaflets 2-jugate; petioles up to 10 cm. long, pubescent; leaflet-lamina up to 7 × 8·5 cm., from broadly ovate to subcircular or oblate, apex subacute or abruptly acuminate, margins entire, pubescent or rarely almost glabrous and with minute golden glands, base truncate or shallowly cordate, rarely broadly cuneate; petiolules up to 1·8 cm. long, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in paniculate cymes up to c. 7 cm. long; branches of inflorescence sparsely pilose and glandular; pedicels clustered, up to 3 mm. long, glandular-pilose.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 1·5 mm. long, broadly campanulate, lobed to rather more than half-way, sparsely pilose and glandular.
    Corolla
    Petals sparsely pilose outside.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments subterete.
    Disc
    Disk 4-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 1 cm. in diam., globose, sparsely pubescent and glandular; pseudaril with 4 rather flattened and wavy-margined arms; endocarp c. 9 mm. in diam., smooth, with one face very convex and the other shallowly convex.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Pepper-leaved commiphora, Pepper-leaved corkwood

    Commiphora mossambicensis (Oliv.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000425440
    Oct 16, 1984 Stolz, A. [1725], Tanzania K000425424 isotype
    Oct 16, 1984 Stolz, A. [1725], Tanzania K000425425 isotype
    Oct 16, 1984 Stolz, A. [1725], Tanzania K000425426 isotype
    Oct 16, 1984 Fischer [131], Tanzania K000425423
    Jan 1, 1959 Pole-Evans, I.B. [323331], Botswana K000285575
    Jan 1, 1959 Pole-Evans, I.B. [2576], Botswana K000285576
    Jan 1, 1959 Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000425439
    Drummond, R.B. [5048], Zimbabwe K000285578
    Leach, L.C. [6], Botswana K000285577

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 26 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Van der Walt in Flora of Southern Africa 18:20 (1986).
    • Coates Palgrave, Trees S. Afr.: 366 (1977).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 274, t. 51C (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 176, fig. 34B (1962).
    • Engl. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 26 (1883).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/