1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora paolii Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Ethiopia to Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Unarmed shrub or small widely spreading tree up to 5(–8) m. tall, with a very short trunk and branches often sagging almost to ground-level; bark yellowish or greyish peeling, from the green under-bark; lenticels on older stems well marked, white, circular; slash yellowish or pinkish; exudate milky, odourless; young stems pubescent, fluted, ± 3 mm. in diameter; apices of short-shoots often covered by the 2–3 mm. long bases of fallen leaves which may persist for several years; on long-shoots the whole rhachis of old leaves may persist, as in C. unilobata.
    Leaves
    Leaves nearly glabrous or pubescent, up to 13 cm. long including a 5–40 mm. petiole, (3–)5–9-foliolate on short-shoots, 9–13-foliolate on long-shoots; leaflets orbicular, elliptic or obovate, 10–30 mm. long, 7–23 mm. wide, largest just beyond the middle of the leaf, the laterals broadly pointed or rounded at the base on petiolules ± 0.5 mm. long, truncate rounded or shortly acuminate apically, with 3–4 principal lateral veins and 5–7 well-developed serrations on the upper 2/3 of each side; terminal leaflet usually obovate, attenuate or cuneate basally on a petiolule up to 9(–15) mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers red, appearing with or just before the leaves; inflorescences and calyces glandular-pubescent or less often almost glabrous, non-glandular hairs erect, 0.2–0.3 mm. long, glandular hairs 0.1 mm. long. Female flowers borne singly or in small shortly (2–7 mm.) pedunculate clusters on pedicels 5–12 mm. long; calyx ± 3 mm.; petals ± 4 mm.; staminodes ± 1 mm.; ovary and style glabrous, ± 2.5 mm. long. Male inflorescences subumbelliform dichasial 4–9-flowered cymes, usually grouped several together at the tips of branches; peduncles 2–10 mm.; pedicels 15–35 mm. long; bracts linear-lanceolate, caducous, 2–3 mm. long; receptacle cup-shaped, ± 1 mm. wide, 0.6 mm. deep; calyx-tube ± 0.5 mm., lobes ovate-lanceolate, 1.5 mm. long; petals glabrous, linear-oblong, recurved towards the top but the minute tip inflexed, 4.5 mm. long and 1 mm. wide; filaments 4.5 and 3 mm.; anthers 1.0 and 0.8 mm. long.
    Male
    Male inflorescences subumbelliform dichasial 4–9-flowered cymes, usually grouped several together at the tips of branches; peduncles 2–10 mm.; pedicels 15–35 mm. long; bracts linear-lanceolate, caducous, 2–3 mm. long; receptacle cup-shaped, ± 1 mm. wide, 0.6 mm. deep; calyx-tube ± 0.5 mm., lobes ovate-lanceolate, 1.5 mm. long; petals glabrous, linear-oblong, recurved towards the top but the minute tip inflexed, 4.5 mm. long and 1 mm. wide; filaments 4.5 and 3 mm.; anthers 1.0 and 0.8 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers borne singly or in small shortly (2–7 mm.) pedunculate clusters on pedicels 5–12 mm. long; calyx ± 3 mm.; petals ± 4 mm.; staminodes ± 1 mm.; ovary and style glabrous, ± 2.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit-stalk spreading or deflexed, 8–20 mm. long; fruit shiny, glabrous, 13–20 mm. long including a short 2–3 mm. beak, 9–15 mm. wide, (3 + 5) mm. thick; pericarp 2-valved, 2.5–4 mm. thick when fresh; pseudaril a basal saucer ± 8 mm. across and 1–2 mm. deep, the margin hardly lobed; stone with 5–7 longitudinal ridges on each face, ± 9 × 7 × (4.5 + 4.5) mm., curiously asymmetrical, one locule normally fertile, thicker basally and with thicker walls, the other of ± equal volume with thinner walls seemingly empty normally and thicker apically, out-topping the fertile locule; (possibly sometimes both locules maybe empty).
    Figures
    Fig. 12/1–6, p. 69.
    Habitat
    Acacia, Commiphora bushland and coastal thicket on sand-dunes; 5–900 m.; rainfall 200–600 mm.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia

    Commiphora paolii Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1983 Gillett, J.B. [13377], Kenya Commiphora longipedicellata K000425415
    Jan 1, 1983 Gillett, J.B. [13377], Kenya Commiphora longipedicellata K000425416
    Verdcourt, B. [2709], Kenya Commiphora longipedicellata 24864.000

    First published in Res. Sci. Somalia Ital. 1: 46 (1916)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0