1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora pteleifolia Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. DR Congo to SE. Kenya and N. Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Straggling glabrous shrub or small tree up to 7 m. tall; bark smooth, dark green or grey, papery; branches spiny.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole up to 6 cm. long, slender; leaflets subsessile, lamina up to 7 (9) × 4 (5) cm., broadly elliptic to ovate or lanceolate, with the terminal leaflet somewhat larger and broader than the laterals, apex acuminate, margin very finely crenate-serrate and entire towards the base, base cuneate.
    Flowers
    Flowers appearing before the leaves or with the young leaves, in small axillary clusters on short side-shoots or on the spines; pedicels c. 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 3 mm. long, campanulate-cylindric, lobed to almost half-way.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 4 mm. long (immature).
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments slender, subterete.
    Disc
    Disk-lobes 4.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 1·4 × 0·8 cm., ellipsoid-ovoid, apiculate; pseudaril with 4 arms; endocarp c. 0·9 × 0·6 mm., smooth, with one face very convex and the other not so convex.
    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Slender straggling or sometimes subscandent glabrous shrub or small tree, 3–6 or rarely 9 m. tall; bark smooth, dark green or grey, the outer layer papery; longer twigs rarely spine-tipped but short lateral spines 10–20 mm. long are always present and sometimes numerous; exudate scanty, slightly resin-scented.
    Leaves
    Leaves in the Flora area always 3-foliolate; petiole always well-developed, ± 2/3 or 3/4 as long as the terminal leaflet, which is elliptic-lanceolate, pointed and very slightly attenuate at the base, acute and broadly acuminate at the apex, 25–90(–135) mm. long and 20–40(–70) mm. wide; lateral leaflets 1/3 to 2/3 the size of the terminal; leaflet margins minutely crenate serrate.
    Male
    Male flowers reddish, 4–5 together in short clusters, the pedicels 2–3 mm. long; calyx cylindric-campanulate, 4 mm. long including ovate 1.2 mm. lobes; petals ± 5 mm.; filaments 4 and 2 mm., anthers 1.1 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers 2 or 3 together, ± 5 mm. long. Male flowers reddish, 4–5 together in short clusters, the pedicels 2–3 mm. long; calyx cylindric-campanulate, 4 mm. long including ovate 1.2 mm. lobes; petals ± 5 mm.; filaments 4 and 2 mm., anthers 1.1 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers 2 or 3 together, ± 5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit stalk 2–3 mm.; drupe varying greatly in size from 11–18 mm. long, always beaked, on average 15 mm. (including a 5 mm. beak) × 11 × (2 + 6) mm.; pericarp 2-valved but each valve with an incomplete dividing line as though about to split; pseudaril with 4 linear arms and no basal cup, the facial arms 2/3–4/5 as long as the stone, sutural arms rather longer; stone smooth, black, with well-marked germination shield and apical pits, ± 9 × 7 × (1.5 + 5) mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 6/9–12, p.34.
    Habitat
    Coastal and riverine semi-evergreen thickets, rocky escarpments: 1–1100 m.; rainfall 700–950 mm.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T4 T6 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Commiphora pteleifolia Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bullock, A.A. [1166], Zambia 15454.000
    Faulkner, H. [1913], Tanzania 22755.000
    Engler [2121] K000425356 isotype

    First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 229 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 57 (1980).
    • Lisowski, Malaisse & Symoens in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 46: 89, fig. 4 (1972).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 269, t. 49E (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 176 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 90 (1961), pro parte.
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 80 (1949).
    • B.D. Burtt in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1935: 108 (1935).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 453, 469, fig. 1D–Db (1912).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 229 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0