1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora pyracanthoides Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Low spreading much-branched shrub 1–2 m. tall or a small tree up to c. 8 m. tall, spiny, bark grey and papery; young branches glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-foliolate or very rarely (? only at the northern extremity of the range in N. Rhodesia) with very much smaller lateral leaflets; petiole up to 2 mm. long, glabrous or with a few minute glands and 4: pilose; leaflet-lamina up to 7·5 × 3·2 cm. (but usually smaller), narrowly obovate to obovate or more rarely elliptic, apex acute or sometimes obtuse, margins crenate-serrate, base cuneate, glabrous on both surfaces or with a few scattered glands especially towards the base of the midrib, rarely shortly pubescent when very young.
    Flowers
    Flowers appearing before the leaves in subsessile clusters on short side-shoots or on the spines.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 2 mm. long, lobed to halfway, glabrous or ± densely glandular.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk-lobes 4.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments slender, subterete.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 9 × 7 mm., broadly ellipsoid, somewhat asymmetric with abruptly pointed apex, glabrous; pseudaril with 3 (4) arms; endocarp c. 7 × 5 mm., smooth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Commiphora pyracanthoides Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 3, 1929 Pearson, H.H.W. [9747], Namibia K000425451 neotype
    Dinter [385] K000425450 holotype
    Long, D.G. [319], Botswana K000511054
    Long, D.G. [137], Botswana K000511057
    Hansen, O.J. [3068], Botswana K000511056

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 368 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0