1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora serrata Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Spiny tree 5–20 m. tall; bark smooth, green; young branches ± 2 mm. in diameter, glabrous or sparsely hispid with hairs ± 1 mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves sparsely hispidulous or almost glabrous but always with some stiff long hairs on the veins, up to 24 cm. long including a petiole up to 3 cm. and a terminal leaflet up to 3 cm. on a petiolule up to 7 mm. long, 9–17(?–21)-foliolate; lateral leaflets oblong or lanceolate, shortly acuminate, asymmetrically rounded at the base on petiolules 0.5–1.0 mm. long, finely serrate throughout their length with 6–7 main lateral veins, rather prominent above and beneath on each side, up to 55 mm. long × 12 mm. wide; terminal leaflet elliptic or narrowly obovate, pointed or attenuate basally.
    Flowers
    Flowers red, appearing with or before the young leaves in almost glabrous or hispid pedunculate dichasial cymes grouped together at the tips of branchlets.
    Male
    Male inflorescences 10–20-flowered; peduncles up to 7 cm.; pedicels up to 7 mm.; bracts caducous, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, up to 4 mm.; calyx and receptacle glabrous or hispid, the latter cup-shaped, 1.5 mm. deep, calyx-tube 1.5 mm., lobes lanceolate, 2 mm. long; petals glabrous, ± 5.5 mm. long, tapering to a flexuous pointed tip; filaments 3.5 and 2.5 mm., anthers 0.8 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescence 1–5-flowered, the peduncles 0.5–3 cm. long. Male inflorescences 10–20-flowered; peduncles up to 7 cm.; pedicels up to 7 mm.; bracts caducous, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, up to 4 mm.; calyx and receptacle glabrous or hispid, the latter cup-shaped, 1.5 mm. deep, calyx-tube 1.5 mm., lobes lanceolate, 2 mm. long; petals glabrous, ± 5.5 mm. long, tapering to a flexuous pointed tip; filaments 3.5 and 2.5 mm., anthers 0.8 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Female
    Female inflorescence 1–5-flowered, the peduncles 0.5–3 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit glabrous, dotted with lenticels, globose or ellipsoid, 20–23 × 20 × (8–9+9–10) mm.; pericarp succulent, up to 7 mm. thick, bivalved; pseudaril 1.5 mm. thick, forming a shallowly lobed cup 12 mm. across, 6–8 mm. deep; stone smooth, ± 12 × 8.5 × (2+5) mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 12/8–10, p. 69.
    Habitat
    Thickets, scrub and dry forest, especially among rocks; 2–700 m.; rainfall 800–950 mm.
    Distribution
    T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Bush or small tree up to 8 m. tall; bark smooth, green; young branches glabrous or very sparsely hairy, sometimes spiny.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnate; petiole up to 5·5 cm. long, glabrous or puberulous, leaflets 4–8-jugate, up to 5·2 × 1·6 cm., oblong-elliptic, apex acute, margin crenate-serrate, base rounded or broadly cuneate, pilose or glabrous on both surfaces except for the nerves and midrib which are sparingly hispidulous; petiolules up to 0·5 mm. long, glabrous or hispidulous.
    Flowers
    Flowers appearing with the young leaves, in axillary dichasial cymes c. 8 cm. long; branches of inflorescence pilose or glabrous; bracteoles c. 3 mm. long, subulate-lanceolate, margins ciliate; pedicels up to 5 mm. long, slender, pilose or glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 3·5 mm. long, cylindric-campanulate, lobed to at least half-way, pilose or glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments broadening towards the base.
    Disc
    Disk-lobes probably not developed (male flowers not yet seen).
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 2 cm. in diam., globose, glabrous; pseudaril cupular, very fleshy, grasping the lowest third of the endocarp, upper margin 4-lobed; endocarp c. 1·3 × 1·1 cm., ellipsoid, smooth, both faces moderately convex.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Commiphora serrata Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mozambique 6955.000
    Faulkner, H. [K.418], Mozambique 16039.000
    Hildebrandt [1251], Tanzania K000425413 isotype
    Hildebrandt [1251], Tanzania K000425414

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 24 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 57 (1980).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 280, t. 52D (1963).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 83 (1949).
    • B.D. Burtt in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1935: 108 (1935).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 788, fig. 371K–Kb (1915).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 476, fig. 2K–Kb (1912).
    • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 230 (1895)
    • Engl. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 24 (1883)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0