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  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora spathulata Mattick

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Spiny tree 4–8 m. tall with a well-defined cylindrical trunk up to 5 m. long, glabrous throughout except for some weak yellowish brown hairs at the leaf-base; outer bark peeling in long tough brownish yellow horizontal strips; twigs dark grey or purple when very young, rather stout, ± 2 mm. in diameter 4 cm. below the tip; exudate sometimes copious, milky, not aromatic.
    Leaves
    Leaves subsessile, a vivid glaucous blue when fresh, 1-foliolate on short-shoots, sometimes hetero-3-foliolate on long-shoots, cuneate-obovate, rounded or acute apically, with 3–6 teeth on the distal half of each side, 15–30 mm. long, 8–12 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Male flowers borne among the leaves, greenish yellow, on pedicels ± 1 mm. long; calyx including ± 0.7 mm. lobes ± 1.7 mm. long; petals linear, ± 3 mm.; filaments 2.0 and 1.5 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Male
    Male flowers borne among the leaves, greenish yellow, on pedicels ± 1 mm. long; calyx including ± 0.7 mm. lobes ± 1.7 mm. long; petals linear, ± 3 mm.; filaments 2.0 and 1.5 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit sessile or on an up to 1 mm. long stalk, pointed, ± 10.5 × 6 × (2.5 + 3.5) mm.; pericarp 2-valved; entirely enveloped by pseudaril; stone smooth, with very large apical pits, a well-marked germination shield, and pronounced ridges on the sutures and on the distal part of the sterile locule so that it appears tricarinate or triquetrous when viewed from above, ± 8 × 4.2 × (2 + 3.5) mm.
    Habitat
    Acacia, Commiphora woodland and Commiphora, Cordyla densiflora thickets on red soils and rocky slopes; 550–1100 m.; rainfall 450–600 mm.
    Distribution
    T5 T6 T7 not known elsewhere (but see note under C. merkeri)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Other Data

    Commiphora spathulata Mattick appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wiens, D. [6581], Tanzania K000425362 neotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 661 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 79 (1949).
    • Mattick in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 12: 661 (1935).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0