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  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora stolonifera Burtt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    A spreading rambling thicket-forming spiny shrub 1–3.5 m. tall, whose stems bend over and may root where they touch the ground, thus behaving as stolons; stems silvery grey, the outer bark peeling in yellowish brown flakes from the dark green shining under-bark; branches borne at right-angles to the main axis, arising from “buttressed elbows”; twigs green and glossy; exudate resinous, strongly pine-scented.
    Leaves
    Leaves all 3-foliolate, usually pubescent or hispidulous with very short (0.01–0.1 mm.) glandular hairs and longer (0.1–0.6 mm.) non-glandular hairs, but in Mpwapwa District often almost glabrous though nearly always with a few hairs near the base of the leaflets, especially on the nerves beneath; petiole 1/3–1/2 as long as the terminal leaflet which is ovate or elliptic, basally attenuate, apically acuminate, up to 45 mm. long and 22 mm. wide; lateral leaflets from 1/3 to 4/5 as large as the terminal; margins crenate-serrate with more than 15 teeth on each side, extending nearly to the base.
    Male
    Male inflorescence a 2–4-branched crimson, glandular-pubescent cyme; bracteoles ± 8 mm., peduncle up to 10 mm.; pedicels up to 5 mm. long; calyx glandular-pubescent, the tube 1.5 mm., lobes triangular, 0.5 mm. long; petals glabrous, widened and spreading near the tip, 5.5 mm. long, 0.6 mm. wide; filaments 4.5 and 2.5, anthers 0.8 and 0.6 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescence similar but shorter; peduncle up to 4 mm., pedicels up to 3 mm., calyx-tube ± 1 mm. long; ovary glabrous, style 0.5 mm. long. Male inflorescence a 2–4-branched crimson, glandular-pubescent cyme; bracteoles ± 8 mm., peduncle up to 10 mm.; pedicels up to 5 mm. long; calyx glandular-pubescent, the tube 1.5 mm., lobes triangular, 0.5 mm. long; petals glabrous, widened and spreading near the tip, 5.5 mm. long, 0.6 mm. wide; filaments 4.5 and 2.5, anthers 0.8 and 0.6 mm. long.
    Female
    Female inflorescence similar but shorter; peduncle up to 4 mm., pedicels up to 3 mm., calyx-tube ± 1 mm. long; ovary glabrous, style 0.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits 1–3 together on a common peduncle, becoming pink when ripe, asymmetrically obovoid, obtuse or very broadly pointed, ± 8 × 5 × (3 + 3) mm.; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril crimson, covering the whole putamen which is asymmetrically obovoid, somewhat corrugated, trigonous, with well-marked apical pits, ± 7.5 × 4.7 × (2.5 + 2.8) mm., the sterile locule with a well-marked dorsal ridge larger above the middle.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and thickets; 690–1260 m.; rainfall 450–550 mm.
    Distribution
    T1 T5 T6 T7 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Commiphora stolonifera Burtt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Polhill, R. [1304], Tanzania 24839.000
    Burtt, B.D. [3460] K000425382 Unknown type material
    Burtt, B.D. [3460] K000425383
    Burtt, B.D. [3460] K000425384
    Burtt, B.D. [729], Tanzania K000425385 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1935: 114 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 86 (1949).
    • B.D. Burtt in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1935: 114, t. 1 (May 1935).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0