Skip to main content
  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora ugogensis Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Stoutly spiny trees up to 10(–15) m. tall, the trunk fairly straight, up to 40 cm. in diameter at breast height, irregular, knobbly; slash pinkish grey; exudate milky, sticky; outer bark at first papery, peeling from the green under-bark, later rusty red and flaking, giving the trunk a shaggy appearance; young branches markedly zigzag, at first pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves olive-green when dry, pubescent, up to 22 cm. long including a 5–25 mm. petiole and a terminal leaflet up to 7 cm. long, 11–21-foliolate, the leaflets largest above the middle of the leaf, rather smaller at the apex and greatly reduced towards the base, the lowest pair sometimes less than 1 cm. long, the largest up to 7 × 2 cm., oblong, obliquely rounded or subcordate at the base, almost sessile, rounded, pointed or rather acuminate apically, with 1–3 principal lateral veins and many small teeth on each side, the whole vein network very prominent beneath, rather less so above.
    Flowers
    Flowers in sessile axillary clusters.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely pubescent, campanulate, ± 2 mm. long including 1 mm. lobes.
    Corolla
    Petals 4.5 mm. long, densely pubescent outside.
    Filaments
    Filaments 4 and 2 mm., anthers 1.2 and 1.1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit subsessile, pubescent, subglobose, 20–28 × 18–26 × (4–11 + 7–14) mm. when fresh; pericarp bivalved, very fleshy, 3–6 mm. thick; pseudaril bright red with 2 narrow corrugated sutural arms reaching the top of the stone and 2 broadly triangular facial arms 1/4–1/3 as long; stone lumpy-rugose, ± 13 × 11 × (3 + 4) mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 13/1, 2.
    Habitat
    Combretum etc., open woodland and thickets; 800–1400 m.; rainfall 500–800 mm.
    Distribution
    T1 T2 T4 T5 T7
    [FZ]

    Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Small tree up to 8 (15) m. tall; bark papery, green when young, rusty-red and flaking off when old; young branches pubescent, spiny.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnate; petiole c. 1 cm. long, densely pubescent; leaflets 6–10-jugate, lamina up to 7·5 × 2·3 cm., lowest leaflets smaller and ovate, others narrowly oblong, terminal one obovate-oblong, apex obtuse or subacute, margins serrate, base rounded and often slightly asymmetric, pubescent on both surfaces or at least on the nerves beneath, venation prominently reticulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in axillary sessile clusters on short side-shoots.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 2 mm. long, campanulate, lobed somewhat less than half-way, densely pubescent outside.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 4·5 mm. long, densely pubescent outside.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments subterete.
    Disc
    Disk 4-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 1·8 cm. in diam., subglobose, somewhat what flattened, glabrous; pseudaril with 4 wavy-margined arms; endocarp c. 1 cm. in diam., lumpy-rugose, with 2 moderately convex faces.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Commiphora ugogensis Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bally, P.R.O., Tanzania 15456.000
    Trotha [157], Tanzania K000425411
    Holtz [1352], Tanzania K000425412

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 314 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 274, t. 51D (1963).
    • Wild in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 33: 86, t. 1E (1959)
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 84 (1949).
    • B.D. Burtt in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1935: 109, 110, t. 2 (1935).
    • Mattick in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 12: 663 (1935).
    • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 789, fig. 372H–Ha (1915).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 483, fig. 3H–Ha (1912)
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 34: 314 (1904)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0