1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora zanzibarica (Baill.) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FZ]

    Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Tree up to 12 m. tall; bark smooth, grey, peeling with straw-coloured strips; young branches glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnate; petiole up to 13 cm. long, glabrous; leaflets 3–4-jugate, up to 9·5 × 3 cm., oblong-lanceolate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire or undulate or very sparsely denticulate, base rounded or broadly cuneate, glabrous; petiolules up to 8 mm. long, but usually less, often with a few hairs near the point of attachment to the rhachis.
    Flowers
    Flowers appearing with the leaves, in axillary paniculate cymes up to 25 cm. long; branches of inflorescence glabrous; bracteoles up to 1 mm. long, ovate; pedicels 1–3 mm. long, slender, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 2·5 mm. long, campanulate, tapering to the pedicel, lobed to half-way, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 4 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments somewhat broadened towards the base, disk-lobes not developed.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 1·6 × 0·9 cm., ellipsoid, apiculate, glabrous; pseudaril cupular, very fleshy, clasping the lowest third of the endocarp, margin undulate; endocarp c. 1 × 0·8 cm., ellipsoid, smooth, both faces moderately convex.
    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Tree, often many-stemmed, up to 12 m. tall; bark smooth, grey, outer layer peeling in large straw-coloured pieces; slash green to cream; exudate scanty, milky, hardly scented; young shoots glabrous or minutely puberulous, fluted, 3–4 mm. in diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 33 cm. long including a petiole up to 11 cm. and a terminal leaflet up to 10 cm. on a petiolule up to 1 cm. long, 7–9(–11)-foliolate; leaflets glabrous, oblong-elliptic, acuminate, rounded or broadly pointed at the base on petiolules 2–4 mm. long, up to 12 cm. long and 5 cm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers glabrous, yellowish green or pinkish, appearing with the young leaves in narrow glabrous or subglabrous panicles which maybe up to 48 cm. long, the ♀ almost as long as the ♂, often hanging down when in fruit; bracts narrow, 1–2 mm. long or the lower ones up to 5 mm.; lateral branches up to 15 mm., pedicels up to 7 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle obconical, ± 1.3 mm. deep and wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 3 mm., the ovate-oblong lobes ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5 mm.
    Filaments
    Filaments 4 and 3 mm., anthers ± 0.8 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruiting pedicels much thickened, up to 1 cm. long; fruit ellipsoid-obovoid, shortly beaked, probably 18 × 14 × (5+6) mm. when fresh, wrinkled and 16 × 10 × (3+4) mm. when dry; pericarp 2-valved, very fleshy, ± 3 mm. thick; pseudaril a very shallowly lobed fleshy cup ± 8 mm. deep and wide; stone smoothly convex, flattened-ellipsoid, ± 11 × 8.5 × (2.5+4.5) mm., often persistent after the 2 valves of the pericarp have fallen (perhaps because Hornbills maybe absent?).
    Figures
    Fig. 11/8–10, p. 68.
    Habitat
    Evergreen thickets on coral rock near sea and near streams further inland; 2–510 m.; rainfall 900–1050 mm.
    Distribution
    K7 T6 T8 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Commiphora zanzibarica (Baill.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1959 Schlechter [11559], Mozambique K000425444
    Faulkner, H. [2318], Tanzania 23397.000

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 28 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Van der Walt in Flora of Southern Africa 18: 26 (1986).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 57 (1980).
    • Coates Palgrave, Trees S. Afr.: 373 (1977).
    • Van der Walt in Bothalia 11: 85, fig. 69–74 (1973).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 279 (1963).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 93 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 80 (1949).
    • B.D. Burtt in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1935: 109, 111 (1935).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 468, fig. 1A–Ac (1912).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 230 (1895), as ‘ sansibarica ’
    • Engl. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 4:28 (1883)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0