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  1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Raphanus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Pakistan, Africa and Asia-Temperate..


    Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs with lyrate-pinnatifid, somewhat glaucous leaves.
    Flowers in terminal, ebracteate racemes.
    Sepals erect.
    Petals 4, unguiculate.
    Stamens 6.
    Fruit jointed, the lowest joint (corresponding to the valves of a typical silique) short, slender, seedless, the upper joints containing the seeds, cylindric or moniliform and usually breaking transversely when ripe into 1-seeded joints, apex narrowed into a seedless beak.
    Seeds subspherical or ovoid, reddish-brown, pitted.

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Annual to perennial herbs, ± hispid with simple hairs
    Leaves lyrate-pinnatipartite to pinnatifid
    Racemes terminal, ebracteate, ± corymbiform, with many rather large flowers, in fruit elongate, lax
    Sepals erect, the inner larger and somewhat saccate
    Petals white, yellow or ± violet, clawed
    Stamens 6; filaments linear; anthers linear, obtuse
    Lateral nectaries very small, median semiglobose or filiform
    Ovary biarticulate; lower segment very short, upper segment long with 2–20 ovules; stigma capitate
    Fruit a transversely articulate siliqua; lower segment usually stalk-like, very short, seedless; upper segment indehiscent, cylindrical, in transverse section circular, ± constricted between the seeds, sometimes lomentaceous (i.e. breaking up into 1-seeded portions); beak narrow, seedless
    Seeds ovoid to globose, reticulate to smooth.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, Galápagos, Georgia, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Haiti, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Irkutsk, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicobar Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sumatera, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Tristan da Cunha, Turkmenistan, Uruguay, Utah, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Raphanus L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 669 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 300 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 669 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 105, 70: 194–210 (1919)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 300 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 669 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.