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This genus is accepted, and its native range is N. & Central America, W. & S. South America.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Rather coarse usually trailing annual or perennial herbs, short-stemmed and compact in some cultivars
Leaves simple
Tendrils 3–7-fid, reduced or absent in short-stemmed cultivars
Monoecious; flowers large
Sepals 5, narrow, sometimes expanded towards apex
Corolla distinctly gamopetalous, with prominent tube; petals 5, yellow
Stamens 3, inserted on the hypanthium; filaments free; anthers connate, connectives narrow; thecae tightly triplicate
Female flowers solitary Male flowers solitary
Ovary terete, hairy
Ovules numerous, horizontal
Hypanthium very short Hypanthium shortly campanulate
Perianth as in male flowers
Stigmas 3
Fruit medium to very large, firm-walled, fleshy, indehiscent, very variable in shape, colour and pattern, many-seeded
Seeds ovate in outline, compressed, smooth, bordered.
About 18 species, five known only in cultivation, the rest neotropical, mostly in Mexico and Central America.

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, California, Colorado, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Guatemala, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Oklahoma, Peru, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Wyoming

Introduced into:

Albania, Andaman Is., Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Brazil South, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile North, Colombia, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Himalaya, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Illinois, India, Indiana, Italy, Ivory Coast, Kazakhstan, Korea, Laos, Leeward Is., Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Myanmar, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, Ohio, Oman, Ontario, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Québec, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Spain, St.Helena, Sudan, Sumatera, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Tokelau-Manihiki, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zaïre

Cucurbita L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1010 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 555.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. Jeffrey & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.