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  1. Family: Hypoxidaceae R.Br.
    1. Curculigo Gaertn.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.


    Hypoxidaceae, J. Wiland-Szymańska, I. Nordal. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Rhizome elongated and vertical, often branched, with fleshy roots
    Leaves ± pseudopetiolate with sheathing leaf bases; lamina plicate and sparsely pilose
    Scapes short, most often completely enveloped by cataphylls
    Flowers subsessile, most often single, sometimes few in a ± umbellate inflorescence, supported by leafy involucral bracts; perianth segments free, patent, yellow; filaments filiform or subulate, attached in the sinuses between anther theca; anthers sagittate with latrorse opening
    Ovary trilocular, surrounded by bracts and old leaf remnants, often subterranean, separated from the perianth by a conspicuous beak
    Fruit indehiscent, more or less succulent at maturity, crowned with the persistent ovary beak
    Seeds with a conspicuous, swollen and hooked funiculus.

    Hypoxidaceae, I. Nordal & C. Zimudzi. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Herbaceous geophytes, acaulescent; rhizome vertical, sometimes branched, surmounted by a ± dense coat of fibrous leaf remnants and bearing scattered contractile roots.
    Leaves sessile, linear-elliptic or lanceolate, ± plicate, becoming pseudopetiolate, sheathing at the base, glabrous or sparsely thinly pilose on the margins and nervation, outer leaves reduced and somewhat cataphyll-like, sheathing at the base with broad hyaline margins, new leaves arising successively from within the bases of the older leaves which eventually disintegrate into fibrous remnants; indumentum of 2-armed hairs or 3–12-unequally armed (stellate) hairs, whitish or brown; new leaves produced successively within older leaf bases.
    Inflorescences 1–many, arising continuously throughout the season, borne near the base of the plant.
    Flowers 1–many, subsessile on the rhizome or spicately arranged on a short scape; ovary borne amongst the leaf bases or enveloped by subtending bracts; lower part of perianth fused into an elongated narrow tube (perianth tube) bearing the perianth segments, stigma and anthers well above the ovary; perianth segments spreading, acute to obtuse, yellow adaxially and sparsely pilose beneath; anthers sagittate, latrorse.
    Fruit indehiscent, crowned by the persistent perianth tube and enclosed within the old leaf base remnants or subtending bract.
    Seeds ellipsoid, black and glossy, strophiolate, sometimes striate, the testa smooth.



    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Réunion

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Curculigo Gaertn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jeffrey, C. [701], Seychelles 23321.000
    Jacobs, M. [5549] 31307.000
    Reilly, J. [186], Malaysia 49878.000
    Willis, F.R. [64], Indonesia 64615.000


    First published in Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 63 (1788)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • F.T.A. 7: 377.
    • Fruct. 1: 63, t. 16 (1789)

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Nordal in Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 293 (1998).
    • Wiland in Fragm. Fl. Geobot. 42: 9–24 (1997).
    • Nel in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 258–259 (1914).
    • in F.T.A. 7: 382–383 (1898).
    • J.G. Baker in F.C. 6: 173 (1896)
    • Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 63, tab. 16 (1788).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 293 & Fig. 88E–I (1998)
    • Fragm. Fl. Geobot. 42: 9–24 (1997)
    • E.J. 51: 258–259 (1914)
    • F.T.A. 6: 382–383 (1898)
    • J.L.S. 17: 122 (1878)
    • Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 63, tab. 16 (1788)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.