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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to S. Africa, Comoros, S. Arabian Peninsula.

[FZ]

Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or suffrutices, usually evergreen.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, subopposite or siibverticillate, coriaceous, margin sometimes crenulate, otherwise entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple or branched false raceme, or rarely (not in our area) flowers solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious, the male usually larger than the female.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–5–lobed shallowly cyathiform or patelliform, not accrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla campanulate, 4–5–lobed, usually to beyond the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10–30, basically 2 opposite to and 2 alternating with each corolla lobe, but there are many modifications of this arrangement; anthers slightly exserted or at least clearly visible at the throat, lanceolate or narrowly oblong, usually strigulose, often dehiscing at first by large ellipsoidal apical pores which later become longitudinal slits; filaments usually shorter than the anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistillode usually very reduced, with or without stylodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk fleshy, fimbriate, sometimes undulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes absent or very reduced.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, hairy or covered with peltate scales, locules usually 4–6 and uniovulate, occasionally 2–3 and incompletely septate and biovulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 2–3, free or united in lower half, often as long as ovary, usually glabrous, ending in a slightly expanded bilobed stigmatic surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a small, globose, 1 (3)–seeded berry up to 1 cm. diameter; mesocarp exiguous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed subglobose, with 3 radiating lines from the apex; embryo with cotyledons flexed at right–angles to the radicle; radicle entirely surrounded by an invagination of the testa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, usually evergreen
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, subopposite or almost whorled, leathery, margin sometimes wavy, otherwise entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple or branched false raceme, or rarely (outside Flora area only) flowers solitary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers usually larger than the female
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4- or 5-lobed, shallowly cup-shaped or saucer-shaped, not enlarging
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bell-shaped, 4- or 5-lobed, usually divided beyond the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10–30, basically 2 opposite and 2 alternating with each corolla-lobe, but this arrangement may be modified in many ways; anthers slightly exserted or at least clearly visible from outside, lanceolate or narrowly oblong, usually bristly, often dehiscent at first by large apical pores which later prolong to longitudinal slits; filaments usually shorter than the anthers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistillodes
Pistillode usually very reduced, with or without stylodes, or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, hairy or covered with peltate scales, cells usually 4–6 and 1-ovulate, occasionally 2 or 3, incompletely septate and then 2-ovulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 2 or 3, free or united in lower half, often as long as the ovary, usually glabrous, ending in a slightly 2-lobed stigmatic surface
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a small, globose, 1(–3)-seeded berry up to 10 mm in diam. Seed subglobose, with 3 radiating lines from the apex.
Distribution
About 16 species, confined to Africa, Arabia, Socotra and the Comoro Is. All species occur in South Africa, and six of them extend into tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Ebenaceae, F. White and B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or subshrubs, dioecious,usually evergreen
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, subopposite or subverticillate, coriaceous, entire or margin sometimes crenulate, often with scales beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually in simple or branched raceme-like inflorescences or rarely solitary (not in our area), the male usually larger than the female
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4-5-lobed, shallowly cyathiform or patelliform, not accrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla campanulate, 4-5- lobed (very shallowly 5-8-lobed in subgen. Rymia ) usually to beyond the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10-30, basically 2 opposing and 2 alternating with each corolla-lobe but there are many modifications of this arrangement; anthers slightly exserted or at least clearly visible at the throat, lanceolate or narrowly oblong, usually strigulose, often dehiscing at first by large elliptical apical pores which later become longitudinal slits; filaments usually shorter than the anthers; rudimentary ovary usually very reduced, with or without styles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk fleshy, fimbriate, sometimes undulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes absent or very reduced in female flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, hairy or covered with peltate scales; locules usually 4-6 and 1-ovulate or occasionally 2-3, incompletely septate and 2-ovulate; styles 2-3, free or united below, often equalling the ovary, usually glabrous, ending in a slightly expanded bilobed stigmatic surface
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1(-3)-seeded globose berry up to 1 cm. diameter, mostly smaller, with thin mesocarp
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed subglobose with 3 radiating lines from the apex; embryo with cotyledons bent at right-angles to the radicle which is entirely surrounded by an invagination of the testa.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Euclea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Eyles, F. [8840], Zimbabwe 2510.000

First published in J.A.Murray (ed.), Syst. Veg. ed. 13: 747 (1774)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Syst. Veg. ed. 13: 747 (1774).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Syst. Veg., ed. 13: 747 (1774)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0