1. Family: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Silene L.
      1. Silene burchellii Otth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Caryophyllaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Perennial herb with parsnip-like or ovoid-tuberous roots, more or less pubescent with short hairs on all aerial parts; stems erect or ascending, up to 70 cm. tall, branching low down, coastal forms often with procumbent vegetative shoots.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1–8 × 0·1–1·3 cm., sessile or shortly petiolate on procumbent vegetative shoots, narrowly linear to oblong-lanceolate or oblong-oblanceolate or rarely obovate, acute or obtuse and mucronate at the apex, cuneate at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers in simple, lax, one-sided, 2–7-flowered racemes at the ends of the branches; peduncle up to 20 cm. long, usually rather elongate; bracts up to 8 mm. long but often less, subulate to linear-lanceolate; pedicels very short or up to c. 1·5 cm. long on the lowest flowers.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1·1–2·5 (3·5) cm. long, tubular-clavate with 10 darker nerves; teeth 2–3 mm. long, lanceolate to ovate, obtuse or acute to shortly acuminate.
    Corolla
    Petals reddish-brown, purple, pinkish or white, 1–3 (–5) mm. long, often minutely puberulous; claw about the same length as the calyx; limb about half the length of the claw, bifid to about half way; coronal scales whitish, ± semicircular.
    Stamens
    Stamens with filiform filaments ± equalling the petal claw in length.
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid, on a very short stalk; styles 3, 5–7 mm. long, filamentous, hairy.
    Fruits
    Capsule on a stalk up to 6 mm. long, oblong-ellipsoid, enclosed in the persistent calyx but slightly exserted, c. 1 cm. long, opening at the apex by 6 ± recurved valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, brown, c. 2 mm. in diam., flattened-reniform with a double marginal wing, smooth or very slightly tuberculate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Yemen

    Silene burchellii Otth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 26, 1954 Dummer, R.A. [5154], Kenya K000334369
    Mar 1, 1953 Napier, E.R. [1993], Kenya K000334363
    Mar 1, 1953 Napier, E.R. [215], Kenya K000334367
    Mar 1, 1953 Thorold, C.A. [2760], Kenya K000334364
    Mar 1, 1953 Harder, D.K. [2237], Kenya K000334350
    Mar 1, 1953 Powles [11], Kenya K000334365
    Mar 1, 1953 Gedge [6645], Kenya K000334343
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9767A], Tanzania 9041.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9767], Tanzania 9043.000
    Gillett, J.B. [18855], Kenya K000334346
    Bally, P.R.O. [7615], Kenya K000334347
    Bally, P.R.O. [5700], Kenya K000334361
    Hepper, F.N. [7102], Kenya K000334359
    Gilbert, M.G. [6222], Kenya K000334340
    Gilbert, M.G. [5152], Kenya K000334358
    Bogdan, A. [1828], Kenya K000334368
    Bogdan, A. [3163], Kenya K000334372
    Townsend, C.C. [2258], Kenya K000334345
    Townsend, C.C. [2404], Kenya K000334374
    Friis, I. [2705], Kenya K000334342
    Wood, D. [691], Kenya K000334339
    Mabberley, D.J. [306], Kenya K000334373
    Verdcourt, B. [403], Kenya K000334366
    Tweedie [2789], Kenya K000334370
    Thulin, M. [240], Kenya K000334362
    Hedberg, O. [951], Kenya K000334371
    Gardner, H.M. [3744], Kenya K000334344
    K000313115
    Whyte, A. [1898], Kenya K000334349
    Burchell. [271], South Africa K000313121
    Forbes. [s.n.] K000313103
    Bunhe. [s.n.] K000313105
    Battiscombe, E. [1226], Kenya K000334348
    Battiscombe, E. [734], Kenya K000334357
    Agnew, A.D.Q. [8420], Kenya K000334341
    Gagah, C.N. [426], Kenya K000334360

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 374 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Turrill, W.B. (1956). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Caryophyllaceae: 1-38.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0