1. Family: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Silene L.
      1. Silene macrosolen Steud. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Sudan to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Caryophyllaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    A perennial glabrous herb, often slightly shrubby at base; stems erect or ascending, up to 8.7 dm. but mostly 3–6 dm. tall, apparently some of the internodes sometimes viscid.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly linear to oblanceolate-linear, 2–13 cm. long, 1–7 mm. broad, acute to acuminate at the apex, more or less scabrid at the margin towards the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers in a lax divaricate sometimes reduced sometimes elongated cymose panicle of 1–8 flowers; reduced leaves or bracts often up to a short distance below every flower.
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, slightly clavate, 3.2–4.4 cm. long (somewhat elongating in fruit up to 4.7 cm.); teeth semi-ovate, mucronate to acuminate.
    Corolla
    Petals white to pink or streaked or stained purple on the outside.
    Habitat
    Grasslands, rocky places, volcanic soils, 1800–3300 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K7 T2 T3 T5

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tanzania

    Silene macrosolen Steud. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 5, 1953 K000313136 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1842 K000313150
    Jan 1, 1842 K000313148

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 44 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Turrill, W.B. (1956). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Caryophyllaceae: 1-38.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0