Skip to main content
  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Neesiochloa Pilg.
      1. Neesiochloa barbata (Nees) Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms 15-30 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 3-7 cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; pilose; hairy on both sides; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; spinulose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; effuse; 4-10 cm long. Panicle branches glandular; scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 10-25 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 7-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets orbicular; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 7-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets orbicular; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 4.5-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 0.5-1 mm long. Upper glume ovate; 4.5-5 mm long; 1.25 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0.5-1 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblate; 3.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; winged on margins; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein pubescent; hairy below. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy in the middle; hairy on veins. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.2 of lemma length; truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 5-6 mm long overall. Palea bowed outwards; 0.8 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliate and with a crest of hairs; adorned in the middle (ciliate above). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid. Embryo projecting below grain.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Neesiochloa barbata (Nees) Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 2014 Hatschbach, G.G. [65154], Brazil K001075015
    Feb 1, 2014 Gardner [1880], Brazil K000001325
    Apr 7, 1979 Coradin, L. [1373], Brazil K001075016
    Martius [s.n.], Brazil K000001331
    Giulietti, A.M. [5457], Brazil K001075014
    Passos, L. [380], Brazil K001075013

    Bibliography

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 48: 119 (1940)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0