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  1. Family: Aspleniaceae Newman
    1. Genus: Asplenium L.
      1. Asplenium lividum Mett.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Venezuela (Aragua), Peru, Sierra Leone, Cameroon, S. Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Réunion.


    Aspleniaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

    On trees in forest; 2, 500 to 6, 500 ft. alt.

    Aspleniaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type: Venezuela, Tovar, Fendler 156 (B!, holo., photo.!)
    Epiphytic, less often on wet rocks, rarely terrestrial.
    Rhizome erect or creeping, 3–7 mm diameter, and with mid-brown clathrate lanceolate entire sharply acute rhizome scales 1–3 × 0.2 mm.
    Fronds tufted or slightly spaced, arching or hanging, firmly herbaceous, 15–65 cm long, not proliferous.
    Stipe matt brown or green above and black beneath, often darker towards the base, 6–20 cm long, with scattered scales similar to those on the rhizome, otherwise glabrous at maturity.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina narrowly to very narrowly oblong, 13–45 × 4–9(–16) cm, 2-pinnatisect to weakly 3-pinnatifid, lowest pinnae not reduced, apical pinnae decrescent, apical pinna linear and muchlobed.
    Pinnae in 15–21 pairs, subopposite to alternate, unequally rhombic-attenuate, 2–7(–12) × 0.5–2.5(–3) cm, petiolate, very unequally cuneate at the base, the basal acroscopic lobe often oblong and larger than the rest, deeply pinnatifid into 4–9 pairs of narrowly ob-cuneiform to linear truncate-denticulate or truncate-serrate lobes, the lobes of the pinnae ± equal except for the basal acroscopic lobe; glabrous on both surfaces.
    Leaf veins
    Veins flabellate.
    Rachis matt brown, glabrous at maturity.
    Sori 1–3 per lobe but also characteristically on the wing along the costa, linear, 1–7 mm long.
    Indusium linear, membranous, entire, 0.3–0.5 mm wide.
    Fig. 9: 1–2, p. 54.
    Moist forest; 1000–2550 m
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Gilbert 3467 from T 2, Kilimanjaro, Ngare Nairobi north river, 2550 m, Aug. 1969, differs in the many glandular hairs on rachis and upper lamina surface. The fronds resemble narrow, weakly 2-pinnatifid fronds of A. aethiopicum in size and shape of the lamina, but the taxon differs in smaller rhizome scales; the fronds are also narrower, and the sori are arranged in a different way..
    Range: Sierra Leone, Cameroon, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, tropical America Flora districts: U2 U4 K3 K4 K5 K6 T3 T6 T7



    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Madagascar, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Peru, Réunion, Sierra Leone, Venezuela, Zimbabwe


    Other Data

    Asplenium lividum Mett. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fendler, A. [156], Venezuela K000633372


    First published in Linnaea 36: 100 (1869)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Tard. in Mém. I.F.A.N. 28 : 195, t. 38, fig. 5 (1953).
    • Bak. Syn. Fil. 486 (1874)
    • in Linnaea 36 : 100 (1869)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 30 (1994).
    • Johns, Pterid. trop. East Africa checklist: 65 (1991)
    • Burrows, S. Afr. Ferns: 248, map, figs. (1990)
    • Schelpe, F.Z. Pteridophyta: 181 (1970)
    • Tardieu, Fl. Camér. 3, Ptérid.: 210, t. 33/5 (1964)
    • Alston, Ferns W.T.A.: 59 (1959)
    • Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 195, t. 38/5 (1953)
    • Linnaea, 36: 100 (1869), as Asplenum


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.