1. Family: Aspleniaceae Newman
    1. Genus: Asplenium L.
      1. Asplenium megalura Hieron.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Aspleniaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

    Ecology
    Epiphyte, at 1, 300 ft. alt.
    [FTEA]

    Aspleniaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Syntypes from Tanzania: Kwai, Albers 288 (B!, syn.); Buchwald 136 (B!, K!, syn.); Usambara, Busse 380 (B!, syn.), 1145; Kwai, Eick 413 (B!, syn.); Amani, Engler 573 (B!, syn.); Bulua, Mpinga, Holst 83 (B!, syn.), 4255a (B!, syn.), 9145 (B!, syn.); Uluguru, Stuhlmann 8902 (B!, syn.); Wuga to Manka, Uhlig 1504 (B!, syn.); Volkens 61 (B!, syn.) and Congo, Lake Kivu, Mildbraed 1235 (B!, syn.); lectotype, chosen here, Tanzania: Kwai, Buchwald 136 (B!, K!, lecto.)
    Habit
    Epiphyte, rarely lithophyte or terrestrial.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome erect or shortly creeping, to 5 mm diameter, with dark brown narrowly lanceolate attenuate entire rhizome scales up to 6 mm long with narrow pale brown borders, ending in hair-tip.
    Leaves
    Frond tufted, rarely shortly spaced, arching or drooping, firmly membranous, not proliferous.
    Stipes
    Stipe shiny dark brown or greyish, 7–19 cm, long, glabrous except at the very base.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina oblong, 15–43 × 7–13(–16) cm, 1-pinnate, lowest pinnae not reduced, apical segment resembling others, often tricuspidate.
    Pinnae
    Pinnae in 4–15 pairs, (sub-)opposite, subsessile, wedge-shaped (rhomboid-trapeziform), 3-lobed, up to 9 × 4 cm, up to 11 pairs, base cuneate, lower margin entire, apex very longly caudate-cuneate, the distal margin irregularly serrate-dentate and the cauda also serrate, glabrous on both surfaces or with some scattered tiny lobed scales to 0.5 mm, veins flabellate, costa not clear.
    Rachis
    Rachis shiny dark brown, shallowly channelled ventrally, glabrous except for a few very small scales. Sori many per pinna, along veins, linear, (3–)5–20 mm long; indusium linear, membranous, entire, 0.4–0.5 mm wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 4: 1–2, p. 25.
    Ecology
    Moist forests, often near streams; 850–2200 m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Note
    Faden reports that old stipes and rachises may persist.
    Distribution
    Range: Tropical Africa from Sierra Leone to Cameroon, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia Flora districts: U2 U3 K4 K5 K7 T3 T4 T6 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Asplenium megalura Hieron. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Buchwald [136], Tanzania K000424006
    Patel, H. [7406], Mozambique K000613668
    Kamau [598], Kenya K000696567

    First published in 2. 17. 1910 (1910)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Tard. in Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 190, t. 36, fig. 2 (1953).
    • in Deutsch. Zentr.–Afr. Exp. 1907–8, 2 : 17 (1910)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 28, t. 172 (1994).
    • Johns, Pterid. trop. East Africa checklist: 65 (1991)
    • Schelpe, F.Z. Pteridophyta: 180 (1970)
    • Tardieu, Fl. Cameroun, Ptérid.: 208, t. 31/9 (1964)
    • Alston, Ferns W.T.A.: 57 (1959)
    • Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 190, t. 36/2 (1953)
    • Z.A.E. 2: 17 (1910)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0