1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Adenostemma J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
      1. Adenostemma caffrum DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Ethiopia and S. Africa, W. Yemen.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Vigorous, erect or semi-procumbent herb to 1.5 m, rooting at nodes on wet ground; stem ± fleshy, large stems woody and hollow, sometimes ribbed, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, sometimes with glandular hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, blade triangular, broadly ovate, ovate to lanceolate, 4–21 cm long, 0.3–8.5 cm wide, margins sub-entire to serrate, crenulate or sharply dentate, sometimes minutely revolute, apex obtuse to acuminate, glabrous or pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a loose terminal cyme, bracts ± amplexicaul, to 4.4 cm long; capitula few to several, 6–10 mm diameter when mature; stalks of individual capitula 0.4–7.2 cm, pubescent; phyllaries 4–6.5 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, flat, basally pubescent, apex obtuse to acute.
    Florets
    Florets ± 50; corolla 3–4 mm long, white, 5–6 lobed; anthers free or weakly fused, 5(–6), ± 1 mm long; style conspicuous, 4–6.5 mm long, bifid for ± 2/3 of its length, arms swollen and flattened, glabrous or with a few black hairs.
    Fruits
    Mature achenes brown, 2–3.5 mm long, tuberculate, glands present on tubercules (and sometimes between); pappus of (2–)3–4(–5) pegs.
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A very variable erect or decumbent herb up to about 2 ft. high
    Florets
    White florets in rather few large heads.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Congo, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Mali, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Togo, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    White water daisy

    Adenostemma caffrum DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [410], Cameroon K000746658
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8990], Cameroon K000108622
    Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4026], Cameroon K000108621
    Jul 1, 2001 Ghogue, J.-P. [510], Cameroon K000108628
    Oct 1, 1997 Brass, L.J. [16979], Malawi K000273389 holotype
    Ash [1340], Ethiopia 35654.000
    Schimper [112], Ethiopia K000273388

    First published in Prodr. 5: 112 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Prod. 5: 112 (1836).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 203, t. 82 (1994).
    • Lisowski, Aster. Afr. Centr. 2: 471 (1991).
    • H.M. Burkill, Useful Pl. W. Trop. Afr. ed. 2, 1: 442 (1985).
    • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 568, fig. 173/2 (1985).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 1078 (1966).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 286 (1963).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 8 (1956).
    • Harv. in Fl. Cap.: 58 (1865).
    • DC., Prodr. 5: 112 (1836).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/