1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Adenostemma J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
      1. Adenostemma mauritianum DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Herb to 1.2 m; stem fleshy, ascending, rooting at base, sometimes striate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, more so towards the apex.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, blade broadly triangular to ovate, 3.2–16 cm long, 1.7–9(–11) cm wide, base attenuate to form narrow wings along petiole, margins serrate, dentate or crenulate, apex acute, lamina membranous, darker above than beneath, glabrous or sub-glabrous with few scabrid hairs; petiole 0.5–7.2 cm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence branching ± dichotomously, bracts 0.5–5 cm long, sessile; capitula 4–10 mm diameter when mature; stalks of individual capitula 1.2–5 cm, densely pubescent; phyllaries green, flat, narrowly elliptic to oblong, 4–5 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, sparsely pubescent, margins entire or ciliate, apex obtuse to acute.
    Florets
    Florets 21–28; corolla white, 2–3 mm long, tube sparsely glandular-stipitate, gradually widening into limb, lobes (4–)5; anthers free, 5, ± 1 mm long; style 3.5–4 mm long, bifid for more than half its length, arms swollen and flattened, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Mature achenes 2.5–4 mm long, smooth, glabrous or sometimes with minute stipitate glands, never tuberculate; pappus of 3–4 pegs, 1–1.2 mm long.
    Figures
    Fig. 179 (page 824).
    Habitat
    In forest, forest edges, stream banks, bamboo zone; 1300–2750 m
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    An erect usually branched herb 2-4 ft. high, with rather rough stems
    Florets
    White florets in small heads in loose dichotomous terminal panicles.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Nigeria, Rwanda, Réunion, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Adenostemma mauritianum DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10783], Cameroon K000746664
    Jan 1, 2004 Onana, J.-M. [1842], Cameroon K000746665
    Jan 1, 2004 Tadjouteu, F. [400], Cameroon K000746660
    Aug 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9618], Cameroon K000008036
    Jul 1, 2001 Lane, P. [217], Cameroon K000108624
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [5678], Cameroon K000108625
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9475], Cameroon K000108620
    Jul 1, 2001 Kenfack, D. [263], Cameroon K000108627
    Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1595], Cameroon K000108626
    Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4318], Cameroon K000108619
    Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2719], Cameroon K000108623
    Aug 1, 1998 Etuge, M. [3412], Cameroon K000746867
    May 1, 1997 Cheek, M. [8522], Cameroon K000746866
    May 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [731], Cameroon K000746865
    May 1, 1997 Buzgo, M. [600], Cameroon K000746864
    Nov 1, 1974 Satabie, B. [85], Cameroon K000051801
    Jan 1, 1968 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6888], Cameroon K000051813
    Jan 1, 1959 Morton, J.K. [703], Cameroon K000051814
    Jan 1, 1914 Mann, G. [1958], Cameroon K000051806
    Mauritius K000273391 Unknown type material
    Dalziel, J.M. [8338], Cameroon K000051805
    Hepper, F.N. [2047], Cameroon K000051811
    Maitland, T.D. [481], Cameroon K000051803
    Hutchinson, J. [8], Cameroon K000051810
    Mann, G. [1218], Cameroon K000051807
    Meurillon, A. [1142], Cameroon K000051802
    Bauer, P.J. [102], Cameroon K000051812
    Breteler, F.J. [208], Cameroon K000051815
    Bouton, L. [s.n.], Mauritius K000273390 isosyntype
    Dunlap [28], Cameroon K000051804
    Dunlap [52], Cameroon K000051808
    Dunlap [84], Cameroon K000051809
    Harris, T. [676], Mozambique K000614255
    Harris, T. [682], Mozambique K000614261
    Migeod, F. W. H. [129], Cameroon K000051816
    Migeod, F. W. H. [42], Cameroon K000051817
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3218], Malaysia Lavenia erecta K001118831
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 3218], Myanmar Lavenia erecta K001118839
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3218] Lavenia erecta K001118834
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3218], India Lavenia erecta K001118832
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3218], India Lavenia erecta K001118833
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3218], India Lavenia erecta K001118835
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3218], India Lavenia erecta K001118836
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3218] Lavenia erecta K001118837
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3218] Lavenia erecta K001118838

    First published in Prodr. 5: 110 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Prod. 5: 110 (1836).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 203 (1994).
    • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Mascar. 109: 229, t. 80 (1993).
    • Lisowski, Aster. Afr. Centr. 2: 467 (1991).
    • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 568, fig. 173/3 (1985).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 1079 (1966).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 286 (1963).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 8 (1956).
    • Bojer, Hort. Maurit. 177 (1837).
    • DC., Prodr. 5: 110 (1836).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0