1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Adenostemma J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
      1. Adenostemma viscosum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Erect to semi-procumbent herb to 1.3 m; stem fleshy, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, sometimes rooting from lower nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, petiole 0.7–4 cm, blade ovate to rhomboid, 2–15(–22) cm long, 1–7(–12.5) cm wide, base attenuate to cuneate, sometimes forming narrow wings along petiole, margins crenulate to serrate, apex obtuse to acute, glabrous or sub-glabrous, 3-veined from base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence bracts 0.6–5 cm long at nodes of inflorescence branches.
    Capitulum
    Capitula few to numerous, ± 3–5 mm long, 4–5 mm diameter when mature; stalks of individual capitula 1.2–2.5 cm, glandular-pubescent; phyllaries 2–3 mm long, 0.5–0.75 mm wide, flat, apex obtuse to acute, margins entire or ciliate, basally pubescent.
    Florets
    Florets ± 30–42; corolla white, 1–1.5 mm long, basally wider, then narrowing into tube before expanding again into campanulate limb with 3–4(–5) (variable within capitulum) short, broadly triangular lobes; anthers free, 3–4(–5), ± 0.2 mm long; style ± 2 mm, bifid for 1/3 of its length, arms swollen.
    Fruits
    Achenes 2.2–3 mm long, immature or aborted achenes purplish, generally smooth with small glands, becoming brown, tuberculate and glandular with maturity; pappus of 3 pegs, less than 1 mm long.
    Habitat
    Wet ground, often near streams, and in shade, sometimes actually growing in water; 1–2000 m
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A weak-stemmed annual weed of damp shady places, 1-3 ft. high
    Florets
    Florets white or pale mauve.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South China Sea, Sudan, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Galápagos, Nicaragua

    Adenostemma viscosum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2010 Tadjouteu, F. [604], Cameroon K000199829
    Nov 1, 2000 Onana, J.-M. [610], Cameroon K000746937
    Maitland, T.D. [225], Cameroon K000051819
    Strachey, R. [3], India K000009770
    Meurillon, A. [CNAD 574], Cameroon K000051818
    Wright C. [1401], India K000009775 Unknown type material
    Wright C. [1401], India K000009776 Unknown type material
    Wright C. [1401], India K000009777 Unknown type material
    Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000009773 Unknown type material
    Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000009774 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000273392
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000273393
    Wight R. [3218], India K001079959
    Forster, J.R. [s.n.] K000009771 Unknown type material
    Forster, J.R. [s.n.] K000009772 Unknown type material
    Randriamampionona, B. [714], Madagascar K000662257
    s.coll. [3220], India K001079958
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3220], Myanmar Lavenia alba K001118843
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3220], Myanmar Lavenia alba K001118845
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3220] Lavenia alba K001118842
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3220] Lavenia alba K001118844
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3222] Lavenia viscida K001118847
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3222], India Lavenia viscida K001118846
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3219], Nepal Lavenia carnosa K001118840
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3219], Nepal Lavenia carnosa K001118841
    Wrigley, T.C. [210] Adenostemma perrottetii K000764124

    First published in 90, t. 45 (1776)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Retief & Herman, Pl. Northern Provs of S.A.: 290 (1997).
    • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Mascar. 109: 231 (1993).
    • O. Hoffm. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C.: 406 (1895).
    • Oliv. & Hiern, Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 299 (1877).
    • DC., Prodr. 5: 112 (1836).
    • J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl.: 90, t. 45 (1776).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0