1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum biglandulare Scribn. & J.G.Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Guatemala.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Glands sunken crateriform. Culms decumbent; 20-60 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 4-10 cm long; 10-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral; 0.8-2 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 4-10 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acute; 3.6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acute; 3.6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface hispidulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; glandular (2 glands); 5 -veined; hispidulous; ciliate on margins; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 1 length of lemma; pubescent. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.4 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Chase 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Guatemala, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

    Panicum biglandulare Scribn. & J.G.Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hinton, G.B. [10801], Guerrero K000476064

    First published in Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 13 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0