1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum cervicatum Chase

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Venezuela to Brazil and Paraguay.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 50-150 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; flat, or involute; 12-40 cm long; 7-18 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; effuse; 30-50 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading. Panicle branches stiff. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; tilted on the pedicel; dorsally compressed; 7-9 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes. Floret callus elongated; 1-1.5 mm long; winged; with lateral wings.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; tilted on the pedicel; dorsally compressed; 7-9 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes. Floret callus elongated; 1-1.5 mm long; winged; with lateral wings.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; (3-)5(-7) -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 4.5-6 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr Bahia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay, Venezuela

    Panicum cervicatum Chase appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1992 Hatschbach, G.G. [56460], Brazil K001059489
    Jan 1, 1981 Heringer, E.P. [459], Brazil K001059492
    Jan 1, 1981 Prance, G.T. [P 24993], Brazil K001059488
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [9213], Brazil K001059501
    Jan 1, 1971 Irwin, H.S. [8224], Brazil K001059502
    Jan 1, 1966 Irwin, H.S. [5711], Brazil K001059504
    Hunt, D.R. [5739], Brazil K001059494
    Philcox, D. [4102], Brazil K001059493
    Philcox, D. [4102], Brazil K001059500
    Clayton, W.D. [4809], Brazil K001059495
    Clayton, W.D. [4839], Brazil K001059498
    Clayton, W.D. [4596], Brazil K001059497
    Pirani, J.R. [1596], Brazil K001059490
    Chase, A. [10591], Brazil K001059496
    Sendulsky, T. [37], Brazil K001059499
    Gifford, D.R. [G7], Brazil K001059505
    Hatschbach, G.G. [31870], Brazil K001059491
    Hatschbach, G.G. [23620], Brazil K001059503

    First published in J. Washington Acad. Sci. 32: 164 (1942)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0