1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum hispidifolium Swallen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Venezuela.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms 50 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous, or hispid. Leaf-sheaths hispid; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 2-3 mm long. Leaf-blades 15 cm long; 8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hispid; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary. Peduncle hispid above. Panicle open; ovate; 23 cm long; 15 cm wide. Primary panicle branches appressed. Panicle branches stiff; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-8 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 3.5-3.6 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 3.5-3.6 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 2-2.2 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.3-2.4 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana and northern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Swallen 1995.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Venezuela

    Panicum hispidifolium Swallen appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 424 (1950)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0