1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum peladoense Henrard

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to Brazil and N. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 20-60 cm long. Culm-internodes 3.5-10.5 cm long; distally glabrous, or pubescent. Culm-nodes purple; pubescent. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths 3.5-8 cm long; glabrous on surface, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.5-1.7 mm long. Collar pilose. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 7-22 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; densely hairy; hairy adaxially, or on both sides; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scaberulous; tuberculate-ciliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 23-27 cm long. Panicle open; ovate; 7-18 cm long; 3-13 cm wide. Panicle axis scabrous; with scattered hairs, or glabrous. Panicle branches scabrous; glabrous, or pilose; glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels clavate; 2-10 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.7-3.3 mm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; falling entire; readily shedding glumes (upper glume).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.7-3.3 mm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; falling entire; readily shedding glumes (upper glume).
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1.7-2.1 mm long; 0.5-0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7-9 -veined; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 1 length of lemma. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.9-2 mm long; indurate; black; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 1.2-1.3 mm long. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Paraguay 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay, Uruguay

    Panicum peladoense Henrard appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Clayton, W.D. [4507], Brazil K001101744
    Clayton, W.D. [4366], Brazil K001101747
    Chase, A. [10589], Brazil K001101740
    Chase, A. [8696], Brazil K001101742
    Chase, A. [8696], Brazil K001101745
    Smith, L.B. [14726], Brazil K001101748
    Balansa, B. [4357], Paraguay K000307787 isotype
    Riedel [2153], Brazil K001101746
    Sellow [1840], Brazil K001101741
    Rosengurtt, B. [11109], Brazil K001101743
    Dombrowski, L.T. [11096], Brazil K001101749
    Campos, S.M. [209], Brazil K001101738
    Burchell [6794/2], Brazil K001101739

    First published in Blumea 4: 504 (1941)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0