1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum stipiflorum Renvoize

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Bahia).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 20-30 cm long. Culm-internodes terete; distally pubescent. Culm-nodes constricted; pubescent. Lateral branches ample; arising from upper culm. Leaf-sheaths pilose; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.3 mm long. Leaf-blade base amplexicaul. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or oblong; 2-6 cm long; 6-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scabrous; tuberculate-ciliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 10-20 cm long; glabrous. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 3-8 cm long; 2-5 cm wide. Panicle axis pilose. Panicle branches eglandular; pilose; pubescent in axils. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.6-2 mm long; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.2-2.6 mm long; 0.9 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.2-2.6 mm long; 0.9 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; not clasping; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 1.8-2.1 mm long; 0.8 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; pubescent; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 1.5 mm long. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.7-1.8 mm long; 0.7 mm wide; indurate; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex apiculate; pubescent. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 1.5 mm long. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Zuloaga 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast

    Panicum stipiflorum Renvoize appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [17019], Bahia K000003516 isotype
    Oliveira, R.P. [1300], Brazil K001102182

    First published in Kew Bull. 37: 329 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0