1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum teretifolium Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Rio de Janeiro).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; 40 cm long; 2 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades terete; 30-40 cm long; 1 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear, or oblong; dense; 10-16 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 1 -nate. Panicle branches bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins prominent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 3 mm long; indurate; yellow; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Hackel 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Panicum teretifolium Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1923 Luetzelburg, Y. [6306], Brazil K001055658
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [16622], Brazil K000309272 isosyntype
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [16622], Brazil K000309271 isosyntype
    Castellanos, A. [23147], Brazil K001055659
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17957], Rio de Janeiro K000309269 isosyntype
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17957], Rio de Janeiro K000309270 isosyntype

    First published in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 51: 372 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0