1. Family: Passifloraceae Juss. ex Roussel
    1. Genus: Passiflora L.
      1. Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H.Bailey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to Venezuela and Peru.

    [FTEA]

    Passifloraceae, W. J. J. O. de Wildem (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Climber to 20 m., perennial, subglabrous to densely pubescent throughout; stem terete, finely striate.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 3-lobed, the depth varying from about half-way to ± six-sevenths, in outline suborbicular, 5–11 by 6–13 cm., base truncate to cordate, 3(–5)-nerved from the base, membranous to thinly coriaceous, glabrous or subglabrous above, pubescent to various degrees beneath; lobes elliptic to lanceolate, 2.5–6 cm., top acute or up to 1.5 cm. acuminate; margin glandular serrate-dentate up to 2 mm.; petiole 0.7–2.5(–5) cm.
    Glands
    Glands on petiole absent or mostly 2–5 pairs, minute, sessile or subsessile; blade-glands, except marginal glands and sometimes a small gland in the lobe-sinuses, absent.
    Stipules
    Stipules subcircular or obliquely reniform, either ± 2 mm. or ± 0.5(–0.9) cm. in diameter, finely glandular dentate, if small caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1-flowered, the peduncle 1.5–5 cm., inserted beside a simple tendril 5–18 cm.; bracts and bracteoles 2–4 cm., acute-acuminate, connate for half-way to up to ± three-fourths, forming a tubiform involucre.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5–10 cm. in diameter, pinkish or pinkish red to pinkish orange.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium tubiform, (5–)6–9 by 0.5–1.5 cm.; sepals oblong, 2–5.5 cm., subobtuse, mucronate below apex.
    Corolla
    Petals oblong, 2–5 cm., obtuse.
    Corona
    Corona a low lobulate edge at the throat of the hypanthium; operculum an inward curved membrane, at the base of the hypanthium.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore 6–10 cm..
    Stamens
    Filaments 10–15 mm., dilated; anthers 7–13 mm.
    Pistil
    Ovary oblong, 10–12 mm., pubescent; styles 10–15 mm.
    Fruits
    Fruit rather dry, ± ellipsoid, excluding the long gynophore 6–12 cm. long, softly pubescent, yellowish.
    Seeds
    Seeds many, ellipsoid, ± 6 mm.
    Habitat
    Cultivated as an ornamental in gardens, nurseries, etc., and often escaped, growing in forest edges, clearings, etc.; 1000–3000 m.
    Distribution
    introduced in many tropical countries K2 K3 K4
    [FZ]

    Passifloraceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Herbaceous perennial climber reaching to 20 m., with pendulous flowers.
    Stem
    Stems terete, densely and softly yellow-tomentose; internodes 4–5 cm. or more long.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 5–10 × 6–12 cm., 3(5)-lobed to c. 2/3 of its length, the lobes 3–4 cm. broad, ovate or ovate-oblong, acute, the sinuses also acute, sharply serrate-dentate and glandular at margin, subcordate at the base, membranous, softly pubescent above, greyish- or yellowish-tomentose beneath; petiole up to 3 cm. long, canaliculate, with 8–12 small sessile glands near the margin; stipules 7–9 × 3–4 mm., subreniform, aristate, denticulate or subentire.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle 2–6 cm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts 2·5–3 cm. long, united for 1/2 to 3/4 their length, acute at apex, entire-margined, softly tomentose.
    Calyx
    Sepals 2·5–5·5 × 1–1·5 cm., oblong, obtuse, shortly horned below the apex. Calyx-tube 6·5–8 cm. long, c. 1 cm. in diameter, glabrous, rarely pubescent, olive-green, often red outside, white inside.
    Corolla
    Petals almost as long as the sepals, obtuse, pink.
    Corona
    Corona consisting of a purple band with a few pinkish tubercles or crenulations.
    Operculum
    Operculum white, recurved at the margin, subentire.
    Ovary
    Ovary 9 × 3 mm., oblong, sericeous-tomentose.
    Fruits
    Fruit 6–7 × 3–3·5 cm., oblong-ovoid, green when unripe, orange-yellow when ripe, softly pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds up to 6 × 5 mm., broadly obovate, asymmetrical, reticulate.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Northern Provinces, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe

    Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H.Bailey appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Rhodora 18: 156 (1916)

    Accepted by

    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1996). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 10: 1-426. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. (1975). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Passifloraceae: 1-70.

    Not accepted by

    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso. [Cited as Passiflora tripartita.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1996). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 10: 1-426. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. (1975). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Passifloraceae: 1-70.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Young in Rec. Auckland Inst. Mus. 7 : 159, figs. 29–32 (1970).
    • Killip in Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. 19 : 291 (1938).
    • Bailey in Rhodora 18 : 156 (1916).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0