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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.
Blumea axillaris

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual or occasionally perennial herb, 20–90 cm high, the base sometimes woody and with one or more shoots, simple or branched; stems short-pubescent with glandular hairs; whole plant viscid, sticky and aromatic (smell variously described as lemony or like Hyptis or Tanacetum).
Morphology Leaves
Leaves occasionally purplish, the petiole absent but especially the proximal leaves with a long-attenuate base resembling a petiole up to 5 cm long, blade elliptic, oblanceolate or obovate, 2–10(–20 in proximal leaves) cm long, 0.6–6 cm wide, base cuneate to long-attenuate, margins dentate to serrate-dentate, apex acute or rounded and apiculate, densely to sparsely pubescent and glandular on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula 4–8 mm long, in dense terminal and axillary, rather narrow panicles; stalks of individual capitula 2–8 mm long; phyllaries reddish brown or purplish, lanceolate, 2.5–7 mm long, long-pubescent with shorter glandular hairs intermixed; receptacle flat.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets pink, mauve or purple (white near sea-level); outer florets in several series, tube filiform, 3–4 mm long, minutely dentate at the apex, style purple or white, 4.5 mm long, with glabrous linear arms; inner florets fewer, tube slightly widening from the base, 2.5–4 mm long, lobes0.3–0.4 mm long, slightly glandular; anthers 1.2–1.4 mm long, long-tailed, with a short apical appendage; style 2.7–5 mm long, with ± 1 mm long hairy branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes cylindrical, 0.6–1 mm long, slightly ribbed, pubescent; pappus of ± 12 white bristles 3.5–5 mm long.
Figures
Fig. 60 (page 321).
Habitat
In swampy sites with impeded drainage, on river-banks, in seasonally flooded grassland, in old cultivations, on roadsides; often gregarious; 1–2000(–2400) m
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 tropical Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia in the North, Angola to Mozambique in the South, South Africaalso in Indian Ocean Is. and (sub-)tropical Asia and Australia

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or occasionally perennial herb, 20–90 cm high; whole plant viscid, sticky and aromatic
Morphology Leaves
Leaves occasionally purplish, the petiole absent but especially the proximal leaves with a long-attenuate base resembling a petiole up to 5 cm long, blade elliptic, oblanceolate or obovate, 2–10´0.6–6 cm, base cuneate to long-attenuate, margins dentate to serrate-dentate, apex acute or rounded and apiculate, densely to sparsely pubescent and glandular on both surfaces
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Capitula in dense terminal and axillary rather narrow panicles; phyllaries reddish brown or purplish, lanceolate, 2.5–7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets pink, mauve or purple; outer florets in several series, filiform; inner florets fewer, tube slightly widened from the base, 2.5–4 mm long, lobes 0.3–0.4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes cylindrical, 0.6–1 mm long, slightly ribbed, pubescent; pappus of ±12 white bristles 3.5–5 mm long.
Distribution
N2 tropical Africa and Asia.
Ecology
Altitude range c. 1350 m.
Note
First record for Somalia.

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets pale pink to reddish-purple in numerous clustered flower-heads.
Morphology General Habit
An erect, densely velvety aromatic herb up to 4 ft. high

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A slender weed up to 3 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Many small capitula in terminal inflorescences
Morphology Leaves
Basal and lower stem-leaves long-stalked
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets mauve or pale purple
Ecology
In low-lying ground.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cambodia, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Mauritius

Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 2015 Wight, R. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000978458 syntype
Sep 1, 2015 Wight, R. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000978459 syntype
Sep 1, 2015 Wight, R. [1427], India K000978463 syntype
Sep 1, 2015 Wight [s.n.], India K001273408 syntype
Sep 1, 2015 Shuter, J. [s.n.], India K000978466
Sep 1, 2015 Gardner [s.n.], India K001273410 syntype
Sep 1, 2015 Wight, R. [1427], India K000978460 syntype
Sep 1, 2015 Wight, R. [1427], India K000978464 syntype
Sep 1, 2015 Wight, R. [1427], India K000978465 syntype
Apr 17, 2008 Ash [369], Ethiopia 7543.000
Aug 1, 2001 Speke [591], Sudan K000274063
Telfair [s.n.], Mauritius K000274065
Bojer [s.n.], Mauritius K000274064
Rakotonirina, N. [487], Madagascar K000614896
Maitland, T.D. [1439], Cameroon K000052026
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28526], Cameroon K000052025
Hepper, F.N. [1912], Cameroon K000052027
Lewalle, J. [712], Burundi K000612978
Sep 1, 1958 unknown [677], Guinea Blumea perrottetiana K000274062
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3004], Nepal Conyza parvifolia K001118395
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3090] Conyza paniculata K001118557
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3090] Conyza paniculata K001118556
Jan 1, 1985 Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Western Australia Blumea mollis K000978539
Jan 1, 1985 Mueller, F. [s.n.], Northern Territory Blumea mollis K000978537 holotype
Jan 1, 1985 Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Western Australia Blumea mollis K000978614
Oct 1, 1958 Wallich, N. [s.n.], Nepal Blumea mollis K000978456
Ash [1850], Ethiopia Blumea mollis 35586.000
Ash [857], Ethiopia Blumea mollis 38824.000
s.coll. [s.n.], India Blumea mollis K000978461
Shuter, J. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu Blumea mollis K000978462
Cunningham, A. [15], Western Australia Blumea mollis K000978538
Wallich, N. [s.n.], Nepal Blumea mollis K000978455
Cuming, H. [1139], Philippines Blumea mollis K000978524
Wallich, N. [s.n.], Nepal Blumea mollis K000978457

First published in Prodr. 5: 434 (1836)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2015). Flora of Oman 3: 1-386. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise.
  • Qaiser, M. & Abid, R. (2003). Flora of Pakistan 210: 1-215. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2015). Flora of Oman 3: 1-386. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise.
  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by H. Beentje [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.J. Scott in Fl. Mascar. 109: 58, t. 19 (1993).
  • DC., Prodr. 5: 434 (1836).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/