1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Brachythrix Wild & G.V.Pope
      1. Brachythrix lugarensis (O.Hoffm.) Wild & G.V.Pope

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    A stiffly erect perennial herb to c. 40 cm. tall, with annual stems from a small woody rootstock or slender woody rhizome; roots thong-like, each usually swelling into a root-tuber.
    Stem
    Stems solitary, or 2–3 together, simple, ± densely leafy hispid-pubescent; indumentum a mixture of long-stalked flagelliform hairs and short-stalked appressed unequal-armed T-shaped hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, mostly 2–7 x 0.5–3 cm., ovate to narrowly elliptic, acute to ± acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded or subcordate below, margins subentire to sharply serrate; lamina membranous and sparsely puberulous, sometimes scabridulous on the upper surface, the hairs flagelliform ± scattered and becoming rigid on the leaf upper surface, usually confined to main veins on lower surface, appressed short-stalked T-shaped hairs sometimes present, glandular-punctate; main nerves prominent below.
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary, terminal; involucres 9–12 x 14–20 mm., very broadly obconic-campanulate to cup-shaped, ± truncate at the base.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries many-seriate, tapering-pungent at the apex, finely sparsely puberulous, ciliolate; the outer from c. 5 mm. long, subulate, the inner to 10 mm. long becoming linear-lanceolate.
    Corolla
    Corollas purple, 7–8 mm. long, funnel-shaped, deeply-lobed.
    Fruits
    Achenes 2–2.5 mm. long, subcylindric to narrowly obovoid, truncate at the apex, 4–5-angular and narrowly ribbed on the angles, with scattered brownish cells on the faces between, otherwise glabrous; pappus 2-seriate, the outer series reduced to a low rim-like structure, the inner of many brown caducous somewhat flattened barbellate setae 0.75–5 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial herb with annual stems 7–40 cm tall from a woody rootstock; roots thong-like, swelling into tubers; stems solitary or 2–3 together, erect, pubescent with spreading crispate hairs and some T-shaped hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, ovate to oblanceolate, 2–7 cm long, 0.5–3 cm wide, base rounded to cuneate, apiculate-serrate or subentire, apex acute to briefly acuminate, scattered-pubescent above and beneath, glandular-punctate, the uppermost smaller and comparatively narrower.
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary, terminal, 9–12 mm long, 14–20 mm in diameter; stalks of individual capitula crispate-pubescent; phyllaries 3-seriate, subequal, narrowly lanceolate, 5–10 mm long, purple-tinged towards the apex, attenuate, pungent, finely crispate-pubescent.
    Flowers
    Corolla purple, 9–10 mm long, lobes 3 mm long with short stiff hairs below the apex.
    Fruits
    Achenes obovoid, 2–2.5 mm long, 4–5-ribbed, glabrous; pappus double, outer a low rim, inner of slightly flattened brown barbellate setae 0.7–5 mm long.
    Figures
    Fig. 54/4–5, p. 279
    Habitat
    Upland grassland or Brachystegia woodland; 1750–2350 m
    Distribution
    T4 T6/T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia

    Brachythrix lugarensis (O.Hoffm.) Wild & G.V.Pope appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1999 Goetze, W. [820], Tanzania K000273378 Unknown type material

    First published in Kirkia 11(1): 28 (1978)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 180, t. 29e (1992).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 43: 270 (1988).
    • Wild & G.V. Pope in Kirkia 11: 28 (1978).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0