1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Cotula L.
      1. Cotula abyssinica Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to E. Central & E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial herb, erect or procumbent, 5–20 cm high, sometimes described as strongly aromatic; stems sparsely to densely branched, terete, occasionally flushed with purple, sparsely arachnoid pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, bright to dark green, pinnatifid, rarely bipinnatifid, with lobed segments, in outline elliptic or obovate and 0.5–4 cm long, 0.3–1.5 cm wide, the very base half-amplexicaul, continuing in pseudopetiole which then expands into up to 6 lobed segments on each side of the rachis, the ultimate segments lanceolate and apiculate, up to 4(–8) mm long, 1 mm wide, sparsely arachnoid pubescent.
    Capitulum
    Capitula terminal, solitary, 3–5 mm long, 6-12 mm diameter; capitulum stalk relatively short in bud but rapidly lengthening, (1–)2–8.5 cm long, sparsely pubescent, near the receptacle usually with a dense tuft of hairs; involucre with 24–30 phyllaries, these 3–4-seriate, subequal, ovate, obovate or elliptic, 2–4 mm long, 1–3 mm wide, green with brown scarious margins, obtuse, glabrous or sparsely hairy; receptacle convex, with many stalks.
    Florets
    Outer florets 1-seriate, ± 12, on stalks ± 2 mm long, without a corolla, the dorsiventrally flattened ovary 1–1.5 mm long, 1–1.2 mm wide, 2-winged, subcordate at the apex and topped by a ± 0.5 mm long bifid style; the inner florets many, hermaphrodite and sterile intermixed, whitish, cream or occasionally described as yellow-green, on stalks ± 0.5 mm long, the corolla with a tube 1–1.2 mm long and 4 lobes ± 0.3 mm long, style ± 1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes dimorphic, those from the outer florets 1–1.5 mm long, 1–1.2 mm wide including 0.2–0.3 mm wide wings, ± 0.3 mm thick, sometimes purple near the subcordate apex, without pappus; those from the inner florets 1–1.5 mm long, 0.5–0.7 mm wide, hardly winged, 0.2 mm thick, without a pappus but often seen with the dry membranous corolla.
    Figures
    Fig. 110 (page 524).
    Habitat
    Montane or afro-alpine grassland and forest margins, heath zone, Artemisia scrub, bamboo; often in moist sites, on disturbed ground, and on paths; may be locally common or even mat-forming; 2100–3650 m
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K6 T2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Cotula abyssinica Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schweinfurth, G. [794], Eritrea K000378327
    Schimper [1875], Ethiopia K000378323
    Schimper [1875], Ethiopia K000378326
    Schimper [1381], Ethiopia K000378324
    Schimper [1381], Ethiopia K000378325
    Schimper [1381], Ethiopia K000378330
    Schimper [s.n.], Ethiopia K000378328
    Schimper [137], Ethiopia K000378329
    Schimper [137], Ethiopia K000378332
    Franqueville [s.n.], Ethiopia K000378331
    Speke, Capt [s.n.], Ethiopia K000378322

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 419 (1848)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 219, t. 91 (1994).
    • Lisowski, Aster. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 240, fig. 53 (1991).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg.) p. 1146 (1967).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 219, 348, fig. 16A (not 15) (1957).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 20 (1956).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 398 (1877).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 419 (1848).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0