1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Cotula L.
      1. Cotula anthemoides L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Himalaya to S. China and Indo-China, Taiwan.

    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A spreading or prostrate herb with branches a few inches long
    Inflorescences
    Small spherical yellow flower-heads scarcely 1/4 in. diam.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual (?perennial) herb, erect or procumbent, 4–30 cm high, spreading by underground runners; stems branched, sparsely arachnoid-pubescent to almost glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, dark green, pinnatisect or bipinnatisect, with dentate lobes, the leaf outline lanceolate, 2–5 cm long, 0.6–2 cm wide, base half-amplexicaul extending into a pseudopetiole up to 2 cm long, with up to 5 lobes on each side as well as a terminal lobe, up to 1 cm long, 0.3 cm wide, the lobes and their teeth apiculate, arachnoid-pubescent when young but glabrescent.
    Capitulum
    Capitula terminal, solitary, 2–5 mm long, ± globose; capitulum stalk 0.6–1.3 cm long, sparsely pubescent; phyllaries 2-seriate, 16–27, obovate, 1–2.5 mm long, 0.5–1.2 mm wide, obtuse or rarely acute, with scarious margins; receptacle flat with remnants of floret stalks.
    Florets
    Disc florets many (50+), yellow or pale yellow; the outer in several rows, on up to 0.6 mm long stalks; the inner sessile, corolla ± 1 mm long including 4 lobes to 0.2 mm long, anthers ± 0.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes dorsiventrally flattened and slightly concave above, slightly convex beneath, slightly obovoid, 1.2–1.5 mm long, 0.6–1 mm wide, 0.2–0.3 mm thick, with narrow wings widening towards the apex, apex rounded to subcordate, with an unequal-sided mucro up to 0.3 mm long.
    Habitat
    On moist ground on river banks, waterhole edges, lake shores, pond margins, on wet mud, sand or clay, less often in moist rocky situations, may be locally abundant; (450–)900–2400 m
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T5 T7 southern Africaa widespread weed, common in the warmer parts of the Old World

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Albania, France, Poland

    Cotula anthemoides L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [1325], Ethiopia K000378336
    Schimper [1325], Ethiopia K000378338 isotype
    Edgeworth [99], India K000250001 Unknown type material
    Edgeworth [s.n.], India K000250002 Unknown type material
    Kotschy [349], Sudan K000378335
    Bromfield [s.n.] K000378337

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 891 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 171.
    • F.T.A. 3: 397
    • Sp. Pl. 891 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 219 (1994).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 250 (1963).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants pp. fig. 16b (p. 221) & 348 (1957).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 20 (1956).
    • O. Hoffm. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 415 (1895).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 397 (1877).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 891 (1753).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0