1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Cotula L.
      1. Cotula australis Hook.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to S. Africa, Madagascar, Australasia.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual herb, prostrate with ascending stems, 3–25 cm long; stems terete, thinly pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, bipinnatifid, the outline oblanceolate, 1–7 cm long, 0.6–2 cm wide, the base half-amplexicaul with a few short lobes, followed by a pseudopetiole, the distal part expanded and with lanceolate, apiculate segments, the final segments to 6 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, thinly pubescent.
    Capitulum
    Capitula terminal, solitary, 2–4 mm long, 3-6 mm diameter; capitulum stalk filiform, 1.5–7.5 cm long, less than 0.5 mm in diameter, pubescent; phyllaries 2-seriate, 8–18, elliptic, 1.5–2 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, obtuse, sparsely pubescent, green with a paler scarious margin; receptacle convex, tuberculate.
    Florets
    Outer florets 2–3-seriate, up to 50, stalked for up to 1 mm, without a corolla, the ovary dorsiventrally flattened, 0.8–1.5 mm long, 0.6–1.2 mm wide including the rather thick wings, tuberculate except for the wings, topped by a style 0.2–0.6 mm long; inner florets 10–50, white or yellow-green, sessile or on a stalk of up to 0.3 mm long, hermaphrodite, the corolla tube ± 0.6 mm long, the 4 lobes ± 0.3 mm long, style 0.6–0.7 mm long, anthers 0.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes dimorphic, those of the outer florets elliptic to slightly obovate, winged, 1–1.5 mm long, 0.6–1.2 mm wide including wings of ± 0.2 mm, ± 0.3 mm thick; those of inner florets obovoid, hardly compressed, not winged, 0.8–1 mm long, 0.4–0.5 mm in diameter.
    Habitat
    Weed of gardens and of ruderal places close to human habitation, usually in moist sites; 1200–2300 m
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K6 T2 T3 T7 U2 originally from New Zealand and Australia, a widespread weed, common in the warmer parts of the Old and New Worlds
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 2300 - 3200 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Arizona, Azores, Baleares, Belgium, Bolivia, California, Canary Is., Colombia, Corse, Ecuador, Florida, Great Britain, Guatemala, Hawaii, India, Italy, Juan Fernández Is., Madeira, Maine, Mexico Northwest, New Caledonia, Norway, Oregon, Peru, Portugal, Spain, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay

    Cotula australis Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hooker, J.D. [269], New Zealand K000885263
    Hooker, J.D. [331], Australia K000885269 isotype
    Seiber, F.W. [s.n.], Australia K000885268 isotype
    Raoul, E.F.L. [36], New Zealand K000885262

    First published in Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 128 (1852)

    Accepted by

    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hook.f., Fl. Nov. Zelan.: 128 (1852).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0