1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Cotula L.
      1. Cotula cryptocephala Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Branched ?perennial herb with procumbent stems, rooting at the nodes, the flowering stems 2–15(–25) cm high; stems terete, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, those of a pair with connate bases forming a joint sheath 3–20 mm long around the stem; blade outline elliptic or obovate, 1–8(–12) cm long, 0.5–3 cm wide, the proximal part pseudopetiolate, the distal part pinnatifid, rarely bipinnatifid, with lanceolate segments, these apiculate and glabrous (or pubescent when very young).
    Capitulum
    Capitula terminal, overtopped by the leaves, 4–5 mm long; capitulum stalk 1–20 mm long, lengthening in fruit to 4 cm, distally sparsely pubescent; phyllaries 10–12, 3–4-seriate, subequal, ovate, 1.8–3.5 mm long, 2–3 mm wide, obtuse, glabrous, green with brown scarious margins; receptacle flat or slightly convex, tuberculate.
    Florets
    Outer florets 1-seriate, on a stalk up to 0.5 mm long, the ovary dorsiventrally flattened and convex beneath, concave above, 1.7–2.2 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, 0.2–0.3 mm thick, laterally winged, topped by the 1 mm long bifid style, without any corolla or with partial corolla remnants less than 0.8 mm long; inner florets many (100+), mixed hermaphrodite and sterile, on stalks up to 0.2 mm long, with a corolla tube 0.9–1 mm long, 4 lobes 0.3–0.6 mm long, style ± 1 mm long, anthers ± 0.6 mm.
    Fruits
    Achenes ?homomorphic, ovoid, 2–3 mm long including wings 0.2 mm wide, 1.4–2 mm wide, ± 0.3 mm thick, sparsely puberulous (?always).
    Habitat
    Afro-alpine grassland, in wet sites; 3600–3800 m
    Distribution
    K3 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda

    Cotula cryptocephala Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [1626], Ethiopia 35611.000
    Schimper [1171], Ethiopia K000378317
    Schimper [1171], Ethiopia K000378319
    Schimper [1171], Ethiopia K000378320
    Ethiopia K000378321
    Schimper, M.W. [956], Ethiopia K000378318

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 420 (1848)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 219 (1994).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg.) p. 1146 (1967).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 219, fig. 15 (not 16) (1957).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 399 (1877).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 420 (1848).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0