1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Dichrocephala L'Hér. ex DC.
      1. Dichrocephala chrysanthemifolia (Blume) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herb, erect or decumbent, 4–90(-150) cm high, aromatic/ pungent; stems woody at the base and up to 1 cm in diameter, simple or weakly branched, angled to striate, shortly hirsute to subglabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves dark green and paler beneath, membranous, sessile or (in the basal leaves) contracted into a winged base, the blade obovate, oblanceolate, spatulate, lyrate or pinnatifid with 2–3 proximal lobes and a larger terminal lobe, in outline 1–10 cm long, 0.2–3.5 cm wide, the very base broadly semi-amplexicaul, the margins coarsely dentate with acute or mucronate teeth, the apex acute or obtuse, pilose to hispid on both surfaces.
    Capitulum
    Capitula globose to oblong-globose, 5–9 mm long, in lax terminal panicles or solitary on up to 10 cm long almost leafless branches; stalks of individual heads to 3 cm long with subulate bracts 1.5–2 mm long; phyllaries 6–8, ovate to oblong-elliptic, 1.3–2.5 mm long, 0.5–1 mm wide, the margins scarious and fimbriate, the apex obtuse, sparsely pubescent, glandular; receptacle club-shaped, 3–5 mm long, tuberculate.
    Florets
    Outer florets white to yellow with (at anthesis) purplish tinge on the lobes, very many, in several rows, on 0.1–0.2 mm stalks, tube with a narrow cylindrical base but widening towards the mouth, 0.2–0.4 mm long, 3–4 triangular lobes 0.2–0.5 mm long, sparsely glandular; style purple-red, 0.4–0.8 mm long; inner florets many but fewer than outer ones, on stalks slightly shorter than outer ones, white to yellow with reddish to purple tinge on lobes, tube glandular, 0.7–1.2 mm long, lobes 0.3–0.7 mm long; anthers 0.5–0.6 mm long, with obtuse base and triangular distal appendage; style ± 1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes yellow-green, obovoid, dorsiventrally flattened with indistinct paler marginal veins, 1.3–1.8 mm long, 0.4–0.8 mm wide, 0.2–0.3 mm thick, glabrous but for the base and apex which are densely glandular; pappus absent or an indistinct low ring.
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    An aromatic erect or straggling branched herb 1-3 ft. or more high
    Indumentum
    More or less pubescent stems and leaves
    Inflorescences
    Spherical red-purple to mauve flower-heads
    Ecology
    In montane grasslands

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Jawa, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Tibet, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zaïre

    Dichrocephala chrysanthemifolia (Blume) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1979 Keay, R.W.J. [28601], Cameroon K000051902
    Jan 1, 1979 Morton, J.K. [6941], Cameroon K000051898
    Jan 1, 1979 Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10850], Cameroon K000051895
    Ash [765], Ethiopia 37227.000
    Ash [1026], Ethiopia 37685.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [8321], Cameroon K000051909
    Morton, J.K. [877], Cameroon K000051900
    Maitland, T.D. [907], Cameroon K000051901
    Maitland, T.D. [1278], Cameroon K000051910
    Mann, G. [1267], Cameroon K000051905
    Mann, G. [1267], Cameroon K000051906
    Mann, G. [1927], Cameroon K000051911
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9542], Cameroon K000051894
    Charter J.R. [36974], Cameroon K000051899
    Freidberg [2], Cameroon K000051892
    Jan 1, 1978 Schimper [87], Ethiopia Dichrocephala chrysanthemifolia var. abyssinica K000273541 isotype

    First published in Arch. Bot. (Paris) ii. 518; Prod. v. 372.

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 3: 303.
    • in Guill. Arch. Bot. 2: 518 (1833)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 204, t. 83 (1994).
    • Lisowski, Aster. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 24 (1991).
    • Maquet in Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3: 574, fig. 175/2 (1985).
    • Fayed in Mitt. Bot. Staats., München 15: 502 (1979).
    • Wild in Kirkia 10: 9, fig. 4 (1975).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 256 (1963).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 23 (1956).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 303 (1877).
    • DC., Prodr. 5: 372 (1836).
    • DC. in Arch. Bot. (Paris) 2: 518 (1833)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0