1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Dichrocephala L'Hér. ex DC.
      1. Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Turkey-in-Europe to Asia and Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual herb, 0.1–1 m high, erect or procumbent, slightly stoloniferous, aromatic or pungent; stems sparsely branched, slightly angular, 4–7 mm in diameter, pale green with proximal reddish striations, thinly white-arachnoid or thin white-puberulous to subglabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves pale green, paler beneath, membranous, lyrate-pinnatifid, petiole 0.3–5 cm long and at the very base half-amplexicaul, with 1–2(–3) pairs of basal lobes 0.3–3 cm long and 0.1–2 cm wide, the terminal lobe largest, ovate, 1–12 cm long, 0.6–8 cm wide, cuneate to subcordate at the base, the margins dentate-serrate, the apex acute or obtuse, sparsely arachnoid-pubescent, pilose or almost glabrous, rarely densely glandular beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula 2–5 mm long, in lax leafy compound panicles, the final leafless panicles 4–6 cm long; branches with subulate bracts 2–3 mm long; individual heads on subglabrous stalks 2–5 mm long but seemingly up to 5 cm; phyllaries spreading or reflexed, 10–16, 2-seriate, subequal with the inner slightly smaller, green with fimbriate white scarious margins, lanceolate, 1–2 mm long, 0.4–0.8 mm wide, acute or obtuse, glabrous.
    Florets
    Outer florets many, white, the corolla 0.5–0.8 mm long, tubular with a narrow base and 2–3 teeth, sparsely glandular; inner florets fewer than the outer, white or pale yellow, sometimes pink or mauve near the lobes, tube 0.5–0.7 mm long and 3–4 triangular lobes 0.3–0.7 mm long; anthers yellow, ± 0.4 mm long; style with lanceolate appendages.
    Fruits
    Achenes pale brown or yellow, sticky, obovoid, flattened, 1–1.6 mm long, 0.5–0.8 mm wide and ± 0.2 mm thick, with pale margins, glandular near the apex; pappus of the outer florets usually absent, sometimes with 1–2 bristles 0.5–0.8 mm long; pappus of inner florets often of 1–2 bristles.
    Figures
    Fig. 94 (page 460).
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    An erect branched annual herb 1-3 ft. or more high, with scabrid angular stems
    Flowers
    Roughly pubescent leaves
    Inflorescences
    The flower-heads have an involucre of green bracts with whitish tips, and greenish-yellow central florets, the outer florets may be mauve
    Ecology
    A weed of high ground.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Benin, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Malaya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tubuai Is., Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Guatemala, Italy, Mauritius, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Queensland, Réunion, Society Is.

    Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2001 Johns, R.J. [8936], New Guinea 71217.000
    Jan 1, 1978 Mann, G. [1926], Cameroon K000051883
    Jan 1, 1978 Horsfield, T. [46], Jawa K000890180
    Jan 1, 1978 Horsfield, T. [354], Jawa K000890181
    Jan 1, 1978 Wallich, N. [1412], India K000890188 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1978 Wallich, N. [3237] K000890189
    Jan 1, 1978 Wallich, N. [s.n.] K000890235
    Jan 1, 1978 s.coll. [s.n.], India K000890190
    Morton, J.K. [6705], Cameroon K000051882
    Morton, J.K. [876], Cameroon K000051888
    Akpabla, G.K. [10500], Cameroon K000051889
    Boughey, A.S. [10703], Cameroon K000051884
    Mann, G. [1268], Cameroon K000051879
    Gay, J. [s.n.], India K000890193
    Ritchie, D. [389], India K000890191
    Ritchie, D. [389], India K000890192
    Migeod, F. W. H. [111], Cameroon K000051880

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 333 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 333 (1891).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 204, t. 83 (1994).
    • A.J. Scott in Fl. Masc. 109: 78, t. 26 (1993).
    • Lisowski, Aster. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 21, fig. 3 (1991).
    • Maquet in Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3: 574, fig. 175/1 (1985).
    • Fayed in Mitt. Bot. Staats., München 15: 492 (1979).
    • Wild in Kirkia 10: 7 (1975).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 256 (1963).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 23 (1956).
    • Kuntze in Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 333 (1891).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0