1. Euryops pectinatus Cass.

    1. The generic name comes from the Greek ‘ eurys’ meaning large and ‘ ops’ meaning eye, referring to the showy flower heads (capitula) with eye-like centres. There are over 100 other species of Euryops, which occur throughout southern and tropical Africa and in Saudi Arabia, with one occurring on Socotra. The specific epithet pectinatus means pectinate (with narrow divisions like a comb), referring to the divided leaves. Euryops pectinatus has been awarded a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

[KSP]

Kew Species Profiles

General Description
Golden daisy bush is a South African shrub bearing bright yellow flower heads and attractive, narrowly divided leaves.

The generic name comes from the Greek ‘ eurys’ meaning large and ‘ ops’ meaning eye, referring to the showy flower heads (capitula) with eye-like centres. There are over 100 other species of Euryops, which occur throughout southern and tropical Africa and in Saudi Arabia, with one occurring on Socotra. The specific epithet pectinatus means pectinate (with narrow divisions like a comb), referring to the divided leaves. Euryops pectinatus has been awarded a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

Species Profile

Geography and distribution

Restricted to South Africa where it is found in the south-western Cape from Gifberg to the South Peninsula. It has a characteristic distribution in the fynbos (shrubland or heathland vegetation in coastal and mountainous areas, having winter rainfall and a Mediterranean climate).

Description

Overview:A half-hardy, vigorous, evergreen shrub growing up to 1.5 m tall. Its upright shoots are clad with pinnately dissected, hairy, soft, grey-green leaves in spirals. The leaves are 40-100 mm long.

Flowers: The bright yellow flower heads (capitula) are produced nearly all year round, with the main display being in spring. The flower heads are borne terminally in loose clusters, or can be solitary, each one being held on a pedicel 7-10 cm long. Each flower head is 5 cm in diameter and consists of an outer ring of female ray florets, with a circle of hermaphrodite disc florets in the centre.

Fruits: The fruits are one-seeded, hairless or covered in myxogenic (slime-producing) hairs, and are topped by a pappus of white or brown caducous (falling before mature) bristles, although the pappus may be absent.

Uses

Grown as an ornamental for its bright yellow flower heads and fern-like leaves.

Cultivation

Golden daisy bush requires a moderate amount of water and should be planted in a position where it can receive full sunlight. When these conditions are satisfied it is fast-growing and flowers freely. After flowering the dead flower heads should be removed, and the shrub should be pruned back lightly. Euryops pectinatusresponds well to pruning and can be cut back hard every few years. It can be propagated from seed or by cuttings, which strike easily when placed in sand and kept moist.

This species at Kew

Euryops pectinatus is grown in the behind-the-scenes Decorative Nursery at Kew.

Pressed and dried specimens of E. pectinatus are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers from around the world, by appointment. The details, including an image, of a specimen of E. pectinatus subspecies lobulatuscan be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue.

View details and images of specimens

Distribution
South Africa
Ecology
Rocky, sandstone slopes.
Conservation
Not yet rated according to IUCN Red List criteria.
Hazards

All parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested.

Images

Common Names

English
Golden daisy bush

Euryops pectinatus Cass. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. [F. Cuvier] 16: 51. 1820 [8 Apr 1820]

Literature

  • [1] Scott-Macnab, J. (ed.) (2003). Reader’s Digest New Encyclopedia of Garden Plants and Flowers. The Reader’s Digest Association Ltd, London.
  • [2] Turner, S. (2001). Euryops pectinatus (L.) Cass. South African National Biodiversity Institute.
  • [3] Nordenstam, B. (1968). The genus Euryops, part I: Taxonomy. Opera Bot. 20: 1–409.

Sources

International Plant Names Index
The International Plant Names Index (2016). Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org
[A] © Copyright 2016 International Plant Names Index. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Species Profiles
Kew Species Profiles
[B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
[C]