1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea leptophylla Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms leaning, or scandent; 2 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 13 cm long; scaberulous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many. Culm-sheaths persistent; antrorsely scabrous. Leaf-sheaths keeled; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1.5 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blade base cuneate. Leaf-blades linear; 8-12 cm long; 3 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal; 3-7 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading. Panicle branches puberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; chartaceous; acute; mucronate. Lemma of upper sterile floret lanceolate; 4.5-5.5 mm long; 1.5 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 5-7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 1 length of lemma.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea leptophylla Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000433258 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G.G. [31119], Brazil K000925293
    Mar 1, 1974 Smith, L.B. [15469], Brazil K000925292

    First published in Linnaea 9: 489 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0