1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Lophanthus Adans.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Asia.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Perennial herbs or subshrubs, aromatic
    Leaves
    Leaves simple
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid, terminal, spike-like or in ovoid heads or paniculate, cymes often long-pedunculate or shortly pedunculate in axils of bracts
    Bracts
    Bracts leaf-like
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles subulate, inconspicuous
    Flowers
    Flowers resupinate
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular or tubular-campanulate, indistinctly 2-lipped, 5-lobed, (3/2), lobes unequal, triangular, throat open, calyx-tube annulate within
    Corolla
    Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed, (2/3), blue-violet or pink, anterior lip 3-lobed, median lobe concave or flat, margin undulate or entire, lateral lobes deltoid to ovate, posterior lip 2-lobed, tube gradually widening above, exserted or included in cal
    Stamens
    Stamens exserted or included, filaments parallel, thecae parallel or divergent at acute angle
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes subequal
    Disc
    Disc 4-lobed
    Fruits
    Nutlets trigonous to ellipsoid, smooth or tuberculate.
    Note
    2n = 16.  Circa 20 species.
    Ecology
    Mountains
    Distribution
    Afghanistan, Central Asia, Mongolia and China.
    [LKGF]
    Use
    Some species used medicinally.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Turkey, Tuva, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang

    Introduced into:

    Amur

    Lophanthus Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 194 (1763)

    Accepted by

    • Dirmenci, T., Yildiz, B., Hedge, I.C. & Firat, M. (2010). Lophanthus (Lamiaceae) in Turkey: a new generic record and a new species Turkish Journal of Botany 34: 123-129.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Budantsev, Bot. Zhurn. 77, 9: 69-77 (1992), rev.
    • Vleckia Raf., Med. Repos., II, 5: 352 (1808).
    • Lophanthus Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 194 (1763)

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0