1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Gutenbergia Sch.Bip.
      1. Gutenbergia polycephala Oliv. & Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual herb 15-120 cm tall; stems erect, branching, grey-brown, puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite (proximally) or alternate, sessile, (narrowly) ovate, 2-11 cm long, 0.5-5 cm wide, base cuneate to rounded or cordate, margins subentire, apex obtuse and apiculate, green and sparsely pubescent above, white-tomentose beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula in rather lax terminal and upper axillary compound corymbiform cymes; stalks of individual capitula appressed-pubescent; involucre subglobose, 2-4 mm in diameter at flowering time; phyllaries 3-seriate, narrowly ovate, 2-6 mm long, the outer acute, slightly pungent, the inner obtuse, apiculate, all green centrally especially in upper part and with pallid membranous margins, finely rather densely pubescent to densely tomentose.
    Flowers
    Corolla 4-7.5 mm long, rich purple to pale violet blue, lilac or rarely white, densely hairy all over, lobes 1.5-2.7 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes ellipsoid, 1-1.7 mm long, 10-ribbed with 5 more prominent ribs alternating with 5 less prominent ribs, sparsely shortly hairy at least at the apex, to almost glabrous; pappus absent.
    Figures
    Fig. 30/6 (achene), p. 127.
    Habitat
    Disturbed sites in the deciduous woodland zone; may be locally common or dominant; 1-1400 m
    Distribution
    T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    An erect slender to bushy annual herb, 15–50 cm. tall.
    Stem
    Stems sparingly to much branched, softly appressed puberulous; indumentum of short-stalked long-armed T-shaped hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, becoming alternate on the upper stem, subsessile, 2–6 x 0.5–3.5 cm., lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, apex acute or subobtuse mucronate, base rounded to cordate or broadly cuneate, margins entire, upper surface sparsely weakly pilose with fine T-shaped hairs, lower surface thinly whitish araneose-felted.
    Capitulum
    Capitula small, few to numerous, in a ± diffuse arrangement; stalks slender, mostly 5–15 mm. long, appressed tomentellous.
    Involucre
    Involucres 3–5 x 4–5 mm., campanulate, florets exserted.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries few-seriate, narrowly lanceolate to elliptic-oblong, blunt at the apex, narrowly scarious on the margins, sometimes serrulate near the apex, hoary appressed-pubescent outside, the outer from c. 2 mm. long, the inner to c. 4 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corollas mauve, 4–7.5 mm. long, funnel-shaped above shortly tubular below, tube and limb appressed puberulous the hairs short-stalked T-shaped.
    Fruits
    Achenes dark-brown, 1.0–1.5 mm. long, obovoid-turbinate, c. 12-ribbed, sparsely setulose, the bristles uncinate at the apex; pappus 0.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Gutenbergia polycephala Oliv. & Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash, J. [1198], Ethiopia 35476.000
    Bidgood, S. [6331], Tanzania K000468094

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 95 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 159, t. 24g (1992).
    • Lisowski in Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 37: 301 (1992).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 43: 253 (1988).
    • Wild & G.V. Pope in Kirkia 10: 352 (1977).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 264 (1877).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 15: 95 (1876)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0