1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Gutenbergia Sch.Bip.
      1. Gutenbergia polycephala Oliv. & Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.


    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Annual herb 15-120 cm tall; stems erect, branching, grey-brown, puberulous.
    Leaves opposite (proximally) or alternate, sessile, (narrowly) ovate, 2-11 cm long, 0.5-5 cm wide, base cuneate to rounded or cordate, margins subentire, apex obtuse and apiculate, green and sparsely pubescent above, white-tomentose beneath.
    Capitula in rather lax terminal and upper axillary compound corymbiform cymes; stalks of individual capitula appressed-pubescent; involucre subglobose, 2-4 mm in diameter at flowering time; phyllaries 3-seriate, narrowly ovate, 2-6 mm long, the outer acute, slightly pungent, the inner obtuse, apiculate, all green centrally especially in upper part and with pallid membranous margins, finely rather densely pubescent to densely tomentose.
    Corolla 4-7.5 mm long, rich purple to pale violet blue, lilac or rarely white, densely hairy all over, lobes 1.5-2.7 mm long.
    Achenes ellipsoid, 1-1.7 mm long, 10-ribbed with 5 more prominent ribs alternating with 5 less prominent ribs, sparsely shortly hairy at least at the apex, to almost glabrous; pappus absent.
    Fig. 30/6 (achene), p. 127.
    Disturbed sites in the deciduous woodland zone; may be locally common or dominant; 1-1400 m
    T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    An erect slender to bushy annual herb, 15–50 cm. tall.
    Stems sparingly to much branched, softly appressed puberulous; indumentum of short-stalked long-armed T-shaped hairs.
    Leaves opposite, becoming alternate on the upper stem, subsessile, 2–6 x 0.5–3.5 cm., lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, apex acute or subobtuse mucronate, base rounded to cordate or broadly cuneate, margins entire, upper surface sparsely weakly pilose with fine T-shaped hairs, lower surface thinly whitish araneose-felted.
    Capitula small, few to numerous, in a ± diffuse arrangement; stalks slender, mostly 5–15 mm. long, appressed tomentellous.
    Involucres 3–5 x 4–5 mm., campanulate, florets exserted.
    Phyllaries few-seriate, narrowly lanceolate to elliptic-oblong, blunt at the apex, narrowly scarious on the margins, sometimes serrulate near the apex, hoary appressed-pubescent outside, the outer from c. 2 mm. long, the inner to c. 4 mm. long.
    Corollas mauve, 4–7.5 mm. long, funnel-shaped above shortly tubular below, tube and limb appressed puberulous the hairs short-stalked T-shaped.
    Achenes dark-brown, 1.0–1.5 mm. long, obovoid-turbinate, c. 12-ribbed, sparsely setulose, the bristles uncinate at the apex; pappus 0.


    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Gutenbergia polycephala Oliv. & Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash, J. [1198], Ethiopia 35476.000
    Bidgood, S. [6331], Tanzania K000468094

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 95 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 159, t. 24g (1992).
    • Lisowski in Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 37: 301 (1992).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 43: 253 (1988).
    • Wild & G.V. Pope in Kirkia 10: 352 (1977).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 264 (1877).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 15: 95 (1876)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0