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This genus is accepted, and its native range is E. Central Europe to Korea and Himalaya.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Habit
Perennial herb with rootstock, with simple and stellate hairs
Leaves
Leaves ovate, petiolate, rugose above
Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid, with 8-10-flowered cymes
Bracteoles
Bracteoles subulate-spinescent, longer than calyx, long pubescent
Calyx
Calyx actinomorphic, 5-lobed, lobes subequal, triangular, spinescent
Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), dark-purple, posterior lip straight, flat or slightly hooded, sinuate or 2-lobed at apex, anterior lip with lateral lobes short, oblong, median lobe reniform, tube included in calyx-tube, annulate near throat
Stamens
Stamens included in corolla-tube or shortly exserted, filaments short
Style
Style included in corolla-tube
Stigma
Stigma-lobes unequal
Fruits
Nutlets oblong, triquetrous, densely pubescent at apex.
Note
One species, P. sewerzovii (Herd) Popov
Ecology
Rocky slopes
Distribution
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan (Tian-Shan).

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Habit
Perennial rhizomatous herb, with simple hairs
Stem
Stem short or almost absent
Leaves
Leaves in basal rosette and often also opposite along the stem, mostly broad
Inflorescences
Inflorescence short and dense, thyrsoid
Bracteoles
Bracteoles spinescent
Calyx
Calyx-lobes equal, broad at the base and abruptly narrowed to a spinescent apex
Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), pink to purplish brown, posterior lip long, hooded, denticulate, densely villous inside
Stamens
Stamens not exserted from corolla, thecae confluent
Stigma
Stigma-lobes equal
Fruits
Nutlets rounded at apex, glabrous
Note
One sp., L. rotata (Hook.f.) Kudo. Lamiophlomis is often included in Phlomis.
Ecology
Moist alpine areas
Distribution
From Tibet, Nepal and N India to C and S China.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Habit
Perennial herbs with thick rhizomes and branched and simple hairs
Leaves
Leaves broad, toothed, long-petiolate
Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid with several-flowered cymes
Bracts
Bracts similar to foliage leaves
Bracteoles
Bracteoles spiny, uncinate
Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, tubular, lobes equal or subequal, spinose with spines mostly subterminal outside lobes, uncinate
Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), purplish, posterior lip long, hooded, densely hairy outside, anterior lip with median lobe about as large as lateral lobes
Stamens
Stamens not exserted from corolla, thecae distinct or subconfluent
Stigma
Stigma-lobes subequal
Fruits
Nutlets truncate at apex, glabrous or with branched hairs at apex.
Note
2n = 22.  Two species.
Ecology
In forests and at forest margins
Distribution
From Tibet, Nepal and Northern India to Southern China (Yunnan) and Burma.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Habit
Stout perennial herbs, usually with woody rhizomes and/or tubers at root tips, with branched and/or simple hairs
Leaves
Leaves simple or laciniate to bipinnatisect
Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid or perhaps sometimes racemoid
Bracteoles
Bracteoles often connate at base
Flowers
Flowers mostly large
Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, tubular-campanulate to broadly funnel-shaped, lobes equal or subequal, broad at the base and abruptly narrowed to a short spinose apex, broadly triangular, subulate or obsolete
Corolla
Corolla showy, strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), pink, yellow or white, posterior lip long, hooded, often deeply concave, bearded on margins
Stamens
Stamens not or only shortly exserted, posterior pair pectinate-fimbriate or with appendage near base, thecae distinct or confluent
Stigma
Stigma lobes unequal
Fruits
Nutlets truncate or subtruncate and densely bearded at apex.
Note
2n = 22.  Five to 60 species. Several authors (e.g. Adylov et al. 1986) have recently transferred Eremostachys species to Phlomoides and Paraeremostachys.
Ecology
Mostly dry places
Distribution
Temperate and subtropical areas from Eastern Europe to Mongolia, Western China and Northwestern India.  Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Altay, Amur, Assam, Austria, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Greece, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sinai, South European Russi, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Extinct in:

Germany

Introduced into:

Northwest European R

Phlomoides Moench appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Methodus: 403 (1794)

Accepted by

  • Mathiesen, C., Scheen, A.-C. & Lindqvist, C. (2011). Phylogeny and biogeography of the Lamioid genus Phlomis (Lamiaceae) Kew Bulletin 66: 83-99.
  • Lazkov, G.A. (2011). The genus Phlomoides (Lamiaceae) in Kirghizia Komarovia 7: 1-64.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Phlomis.]

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0