1. Family: Aspleniaceae Newman
    1. Genus: Asplenium L.
      1. Asplenium auritum Sw.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 2820 m.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    [FTEA]

    Aspleniaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Jamaica, Swartz s.n. (S, lecto.; UPS, iso.)
    Habit
    Lithophyte or epiphyte.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome erect or suberect, up to 10 mm diameter, with shining dark brown entire attenuate rhizome scales up to 6 mm long.
    Leaves
    Frond tufted, arching, not proliferous, thinly coriaceous, the fertile fronds twice as long as the sterile fronds.
    Stipes
    Stipe matt grey to greyish green, often darker towards the base, 5–22 cm long, glabrous. Lamina triangular-lanceolate to narrowly oblong-lanceolate, 1-pinnate to shallowly 2-pinnatifid, sometimes on lowermost pinnae the acroscopic lobe almost free, 8–26 × 3.2–10 cm, basal pinnae not reduced, decrescent upwards into a deeply pinnatifid apex.
    Pinnae
    Pinnae up to 15 pairs, narrowly oblong or lanceolate, coriaceous, 1.8–5.5 × 0.4–2 cm, petiolate; on sterile fonds pinnae smaller and crenate, on larger fertile fronds pinnae base asymmetrically cuneate with a free acroscopic lobe or auricle, margin deeply pinnatifid or pinnate into cuneate-oblong irregularly crenateserrate segments; apex obtuse to acute.
    Rachis
    Rachis matt grey-green, glabrous except for scattered black hair-like scales ± 1 mm long.
    Sori
    Sori several and one per pinna lobe (several in basal acroscopic lobe) or less often few in distal part of pinna, along vein at angle of ± 30°, oval, 2–4 × 1.5 mm, oblong.
    Indusium
    Indusium linear, membranous, entire, 0.6–0.8 mm wide.
    Ecology
    On moss-covered rock or epiphytic in moist forest; 900–1450 m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasha, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Mascarenes, tropical America Flora districts: U2 U3 T3 T6 T7
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Asplenium auritum Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Sasaki, D. [1819], Mato Grosso K000578882
    Jan 1, 2008 Henicka, G.S. [86], Mato Grosso K000578880
    Jan 1, 2008 Henicka, G.S. [181], Mato Grosso K000578881
    May 15, 1986 Cooper, J.J. [s.n.], Costa Rica K000633307 Unknown type material
    Burchell [2374], Brazil K000633342 syntype
    Burchell [4671], Brazil K000633343 syntype
    Spruce, R. [3956], Peru K000200043
    Spruce, R. [4677], Peru K000200044
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000200045
    Spruce, R. [5624], Ecuador K000200046
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000200049
    Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 222], Mauritius K001109573

    First published in J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800(2): 52 (1801)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 1: 1-562. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Johns, Pterid. trop. East Africa checklist: 62 (1991).
    • Burrows, S. Afr. Ferns: 244, map, figs. (1990)
    • Schelpe, F.Z. Pteridophyta: 177 (1970)
    • Schrad., Journ. Bot. 1800, 2: 52 (1800)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0