1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum baldwinii Spreng.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & SE. U.S.A.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; robust; 0-180 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-3 mm long. Leaf-blades 18-60 cm long; 5-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle 30-40 cm long; glabrous. Panicle contracted; linear; 10-35 cm long; 1-2 cm wide. Panicle axis with scattered hairs, or glabrous. Panicle branches glabrous in axils, or pubescent in axils. Racemes 6-18 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; with scattered hairs; glabrous on margins. Rhachis internodes linear; 3-5 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; 3-5 mm long; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 7-10 mm long; 1.1-1.5 mm wide; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous, or pubescent; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1-2 mm long; 0.15 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 7-10 mm long; 1.1-1.5 mm wide; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous, or pubescent; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1-2 mm long; 0.15 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 7-10 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; light brown; 2-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; scabrous. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-10 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; light brown; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 6-8 mm long; hyaline; 2 -veined. Fertile lemma linear; 5-7 mm long; hyaline; 3 -veined. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight, or curved; 17-24 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; veined; ciliate. Anthers 2.
    Distribution
    North America: north-central USA, south-central USA, and southeast USA.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl N Amer 2007.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia

    Saccharum baldwinii Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syst. Veg. 1: 282 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Saccharum strictum.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0