1. Family: Aspleniaceae Newman
    1. Genus: Asplenium L.
      1. Asplenium monanthes L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Tristan da Cunha, Bioko, Cameroon, Somalia to S. Africa Madagascar, Réunion, Hawaiian Islands, Tropical & Subtropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 1050 - 4400 m.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    [FWTA]

    Aspleniaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

    Ecology
    At 8, 000 ft. alt.
    [FTEA]

    Aspleniaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, herb. Linnaeus (LINN 1250/17, lecto.)
    Habit
    Terrestrial, also on dead logs or mossy boulders, rarely a low-level epiphyte.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome erect to suberect with tufted fronds and with lanceolate-attenuate fine hairpointed rhizome scales up to 3.5 mm long, with a black central stripe and paler clathrate entire borders.
    Leaves
    Frond erect, 1-pinnate, rarely proliferous at top of stipe (not seen in our material).
    Stipes
    Stipe glossy dark brown to black, 2–20 cm long, glabrous, terete.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina pale to dark green, simply pinnate, firmly membranous, linear in outline, 15–60 × 1.8–3.5 cm, decrescent and acute.
    Pinnae
    Pinna up to 45 pairs, oblongdimidiate becoming broadly cuneate-flabellate towards the base or often the lowermost flabellate, 1–1.7 × 0.5–0.8 cm at about the centre of the lamina, shortly petiolate to subsessile, prominently crenate-dentate on the acroscopic and outer margins, glabrous on both surfaces.
    Rachis
    Rachis glossy dark brown to black, sulcate on the ventral surface, slightly winged on upper side (always?), the wing green.
    Sori
    Sori usually solitary, occasionally 2, rarely with a third on the acroscopic half of the pinna, dark brown, narrowly oblong, to 5 mm long, set near and parallel to the basiscopic margin.
    Indusium
    Indusium whitish, membranous, entire, linear, to 1 mm wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 2: 11–12, p. 14.
    Ecology
    Terrestrial, also on dead logs or mossy boulders in moist forest, especially in bamboo or Podocarpus forest, less often in riverine woodland or in the heath zone near streams; may be locally common; 1950–3100(–3400) m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Distribution
    Range: Sudan to South Africa, Madagascar, Réunion, Hawaii and tropical America Flora districts: U1 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T7
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Azores, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Peru, Rwanda, Réunion, Somalia, South Carolina, Sudan, Tanzania, Tristan da Cunha, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zimbabwe

    Asplenium monanthes L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Katende, T. [1851], Uganda K000438370
    Jan 1, 2008 Katende, T. [1144], Uganda K000438371
    Jan 1, 1963 Liebmann [s.n.], Mexico K000633304
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Hawaiian Is. K000672893 Unknown type material
    Diell, I. [16], Hawaiian Is. K000656320
    Degener, O. [20372], Hawaiian Is. Asplenium monanthemum K000656592
    Forbes, C.N. [323H], Hawaiian Is. Asplenium monanthemum K000656591

    First published in Mant. Pl.: 130 (1767)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Sim F.S.A. 141, t. 46, fig. 1 (1915).
    • Maxton in Contr. U:S. Nat. Herb. 17 : 150, t. 1 (1913)
    • Mant. Pl. 1 : 130 (1767)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 28, t. 172 (1994).
    • Thulin, Fl. Somal. 1: 13 (1993)
    • Johns, Pterid. trop. East Africa checklist: 66 (1991)
    • Burrows, S. Afr. Ferns: 226, map, figs. (1990)
    • Schelpe, F.Z. Pteridophyta: 175, t. 53d (1970)
    • Alston, Ferns W.T.A.: 57 (1959)
    • Sim, Ferns S. Afr. ed. 2: 141, t. 46 fig. 1 (1915)
    • Richter, Codex Bot. Linn.: 1030 (1835)
    • Mant. Pl. 1: 130 (1767)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0