1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Launaea Cass.
      1. Launaea violacea (O.Hoffm.) Boulos

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Malawi.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Acaulescent perennial herb; rootstock vertical, woody.
    Leaves
    Leaves in a rosette, obovate to spatulate, 2–9 cm long, 0.5–2 cm wide, base sheathing, margins entire to denticulate, apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a domed tuft of branched flowering shoots to 10 cm high; involucre 13–16 mm long, phyllaries 2–16 mm long.
    Flowers
    Corolla yellow, often tinged purple, tube 9–10 mm long, ligule 7.5–9.2 mm long, 1.6–2.5 mm wide.
    Fruits
    Achenes whitish, 5–6 mm long, ribbed, the marginal often compressed and slightly curved; pappus of ± deciduous setae 8–9 mm long.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland and secondary grassland; 1800–2550 m
    Distribution
    T4 T7
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Note
    Similar to L. nana (Bak.) Chiov.
    Habit
    Plants pulviniform, up to c. 6 cm. high, flowering before the leaves appear.
    Leaves
    Immature leaves oblanceolate, recurved callose-tipped denticulate, edges and midribs red; mature leaves not known.
    Scape
    Scapes much abbreviated, branched, glabrous, glaucescent, bracteate; bracts ± attenuate at the apex and lanate in the axils.
    Involucre
    Involucres 12–16 x 2–4 mm. in flowering capitula, deep-purple, drying olive-green.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries 4–6-seriate, imbricate, glabrous except for the ± lanate-ciliate apices of the inner phyllaries, margins relatively narrowly hyaline; the outer phyllaries up to c. 3 mm. long, ovate to lanceolate, not ciliate on the margins; the middle phyllaries up to half the involucre in length; the innermost 7–9 phyllaries subequal and in 2–3 series.
    Florets
    Florets 8–10 per capitulum.
    Corolla
    Corollas white pinkish or yellow, tubes pubescent outside near the throat, ligules erect.
    Fruits
    Achenes up to c. 5 mm. long, subcylindric, many-ribbed with ribs minutely barbellate, narrow at first later swelling, narrowly-spongy; pappus copious, several seriate of barbellate setae 8–10 mm. long.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania

    Launaea violacea (O.Hoffm.) Boulos appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Not. 115: 58 (1962)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • N. Kilian in Englera 17: 108 (1997).
    • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 218 (1992).
    • Boulos in Bot. Notis. 115: 58 (1962).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0